{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

notes for 10-4 exam

notes for 10-4 exam - Windows on WWI 9-8 Francs tireurs...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Windows on WWI 9-8 Francs tireurs - “free firers”; people that go out on their own and just start shooting people. Took potshots at the other armies. Poor, tiny, little, neutral Belgium Germany wanted to march through Belgium to get to France and take Paris. If Germany could take out France early, they could mobilize to the east to take out Russia. “Lunch in Paris, dinner in Moscow” Britain saw Belgium as crucial to the continuation of Britain. If Belgium went down, the Germans would be just 25 miles of water away from the U.K. Germany had to go through Belgium because if they were to go south of Belgium, they would hit the Alps. Some of the most dramatic fighting went down in Ypres (eep), France. Battle of the Marne Just outside of Paris Could hear the guns in the city Troops sent to battlefield in taxicabs. Thusly nicknamed the “taxicab battle”. Battle of Tanenburg Present-day Poland Germans win Russian general commits suicide after the defeat. It was a pyrrhic victory- they won the battle but didn’t have enough left to win the next battle. Due to the immense casualty count, the public had to be shielded from the ugly truth. (You can’t handle the truth!) By the end of 1914, the war of movement was over—a stalemate was created, but there was not enough of a defeat for a peace movement. African fighting German colonies Tanganyika, Cameroon, and present-day Namibia involved in some sporadic fighting. Not many pitched battles because Germans were afraid to arm black Africans. British didn’t want to arm black Africans because they feared revolt. France readily armed black Africans, and even used some Senegalese troops in trench warfare. “SNAFU” – Situation Normal, All Fucked Up Term created by the British to describe how the war was going. Gallipoli so vital because it meant access to a warm-water port. The Dardanelles Can’t defeat the Russians on land due to immense numbers, but you can blockade them, which is why controlling the warm-water port was vital. Turks enter on the side of the Germans to prevent the Russians from getting this port.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Britain and France join the Russians because they have a REALLY good army and need the size of the Russian army. The two front war also helps them keep Germany weaker. To achieve this, they needed to control Gallipoli. Vital point was Gallipoli – the mouth of the port. Problems: Britain had no knowledge of the area; no topography known and no maps of terrain. No reliable accounts on how many ships or arms were needed. Steep cliffs with narrow beaches, same as the beaches of Normandy. Battle plan was “cigarette butt strategy” Randomly point to place on map, “that looks good let’s go there.” Sir Ian Hamilton left London with no staff or maps more updated than 1906.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}