chapter 5-9 - Chapter 5 1. Congress is organized into a...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5 1. Congress is organized into a bicameral legislature – the House and the Senate. The challenges that the members of Congress have had to overcome include acquiring information, coordinating action, resolving conflicts, and collective action. 2. Different committees are formed in able to represent their constituents. 3. How a bill becomes a law: 1. Bills start by being referred to committees 2. House Rules Committees – schedules debate, puts clock on debate, decides whether bill goes on floor on open rule or close rule 3. Bill is brought to the floor 4. A bill that passes one chamber starts process again in the other chamber. 5. Bill goes to President’s desk 4. Incumbency affects one’s choice to run for office. Incumbency can help a candidate by scarring off potential challengers. This advantage thus tends to preserve the status quo in Congress. 5. Party leadership in Congress serves as the vehicles of collective action. Political parties are the fundamental building blocks from which policy coalitions are fashioned to pass legislation and monitor its implementation. The party leaders in the House include Speaker of the House, majority leader, minority leader, and whips. The party leaders in the Senate include President Pro Tempore, majority leader, assistant majority leader, minority leader, and assistant minority leader. 6. The committee system is where the business of Congress takes place. Many of the bills originate from the committees. The important committees include the money committees and administration committees. 7. A caucus is an association of members of Congress based on party, interest, or social group such as gender or race. Caucuses seek to advance the interest of the groups they represent by promoting legislation, encouraging Congress to hold hearings, and pressing administrative agencies for favorable treatment. 8. The factors that shape the voting decisions include party affiliation, interest groups, and constituency. 9. Distributive tendency is the tendency for Congress to spread the benefits of a policy over a wide range of members’ districts. In able to pass a policy, the benefits must be spread broadly to avoid so many hurdles. 10. Congress has the fiscal power, trade regulation, and military power. Congress is also responsible for establishing rules for citizenship in the United States. They are required to maintain a post office, make laws for copyrights and patents, and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

chapter 5-9 - Chapter 5 1. Congress is organized into a...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online