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Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology2S06Friday, January 29th,2016Introduction to PhenomenologyA) What is Phenomenology?Examines the reality of everyday life and how individuals make sense of their everyday experiences how people focus on and give attention to particular phenomenon in the world around them B) Historical overview roots in philosophy: 20thcentury emerged with the world of German philosopher Edmund Husserl Husserl was very interested in philosphical ideas about consciousnesshe was interested in, intentionally directed toward objects in an individual's socio cultural environmentearly phenomenology: Husserl's student Alfred Shutz, knew about philosophy, he was trained insociology building up Husserl's ideas he tried to play out sociological aspects of phenomenologythe phenomenology of the social world (1932) was published in English until 1967. Shutz was interested in how people in everyday life make sense of social realities and act on this reality later phenomenology: within sociology the ideas of Schutz were popularized and really carried further by two sociologists – Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann - they did this through the book The Social Construction of Reality (1966) - were trying to popularize an focus on Schutz's ideas C) Comparison to other perspectivesSchutz had been influenced by weber weber interested in subjectively meaningful action – the action that is important to people in some way schuts was interested in this notion of action that is important to people, there was a difference in these two theorist's approach Weber was interested in how historical cultural contexts and social structure shape subjectively meaningful action – how macro affects the micro ex. weber was interested in protestant doctorines, lead people to attach meaning to their world Schutz was interested in how individuals experience subjectively meaningful action in everydaylife Symbolic Interactionism mead and other early SI all shared interests in the micro level anaylsis were interested in how cultural symbols govern social interaction between two or more individuals how interacion between individuals is shared between symbols that we learn as a part of the process Schutz was more interestd in how socially structured everyday life is interpreted by an
Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology2S06individual both sets of theorists are looking at the individual in society, but looking at the individuals in different ways – schutz was looking at how the individuals interpret things and the others were looking at the impact of the symbols of individuals Ideas in PhenomenologyA) The Theoretical Ideas of Schutz 1) Wide Awakenesscaptures the focus on conciousness that was in the world of Husserll refers to the practical consciousness and the attentiveness required when dealing with the tasks and realities of everyday life 2) Here and Now Reality