chapter 8- textbook note - Chapter Eight Marriage and Parenting Textbook note Marriage 90 of the adult American population eventually marry For women

chapter 8- textbook note - Chapter Eight Marriage and...

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Chapter Eight: Marriage and Parenting- Textbook note Marriage 90% of the adult American population eventually marry For women, one of the chief motives for entering into heterosexual marriage used to be to gain economic security or advancement Now, women are less likely to perceive marriage as an economic necessity In the past, men derived direct economic benefits from marriage in the form of the dowry – transfer of money or property that accompanied a bride Today, in comparison to the past, men are more likely to take into consideration the earning power of their potential matrimonial partners Finding that young men ages 20 to 34 are more likely than their female counterparts to remain at home, with their parents Marital Roles Common Law – a system of dispute resolution that evolved out of decisions arrived at by the English of justice This is derived from custom and judicial precedent The legal system of Quebec is based on civil law – has its origins in the French and Roman codification of law tradition Both systems of law have historically upheld a vision in which the husband/father was paramount and the labour and services of the wife belonged to her husband as a right Under common law, wives did not exist as independent beings A man, upon marriage, automatically because head of the household, and in that capacity was expected to provide protection, security, and financial maintenance A woman, upon marriage, was expected to assume domestic responsibility for household and child care, and to make herself sexually available to her husband The concept of wife as property was evident in legal provisions allowing husbands to receive compensation for loss of consortium Old English Common Law additionally recognized the wrongful act of criminal conversation – a man having sex with another man’s wife without the husband’s consent Therapeutic Role o This role comprises a bundle of activities oriented towards the care and maintenance of the marital relationship and of the spouse’s physical and emotional health o In addition to emotional nurturance, wives are expected to provide their husbands with physical care and therapy o Create and maintain marital family rituals Kinkeeper o This role maintains formal and informal ties with relatives or friends, all regarded as members of an extended family o Typically the wife
o Is in charge of acknowledging special occasions and buying, expressing appropriate sentiments in, and sending cards and suitable gifts Marital Interaction During marital arguments, wives are more likely than husbands to engage in direct negative communication patterns, which include complaining, fault-finding, and making belittling or derogatory comments o They also more effectively and more frequently communicate positive, complimentary or loving messages Husbands’ physical and emotional withdrawal constitutes indirect negative communication

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