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GOVT331_syllabus - Middle Eastern Politics GOVT 331 NES 350...

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Unformatted text preview: Middle Eastern Politics GOVT 331 / NES 350, Spring 2008 Lectures MWF 11:1512:05, Martha Van Rensselaer Hall 166 http://blackboard.cornell.edu Professor David Siddhartha Patel Office Hours: Wed 24 in White 218 Department of Government or by appointment White Hall 218 [email protected] Teaching Staff: Julie Ajinkya [email protected] Leila Mohsen Ibrahim [email protected] Deondra Rose [email protected] Overview: This course introduces students to contemporary Middle Eastern politics. The goal is to provide students with historical background and theoretical tools to answer the following core questions: (i) Why does authoritarianism persist in the Middle East more than elsewhere? (ii) Why have Islamists become prominent opposition forces in and across some countries? (iii) Why do some Middle Eastern countries suffer from high levels of political violence while others are spared? (iv) What accounts for the region's current economic underdevelopment? (v) Would the adoption of Westernstyle political institutions improve governance and stability in the region? We will evaluate possible explanations by scrutinizing the internal logic of theories and testing them rigorously against data. Lectures: Attendance in lecture is essential for success in the class. Lectures will take place on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays at 11:15 in Martha Van Rensselaer Hall 166. Lectures will reinforce and supplement the readings. Current events: Students are expected to follow daytoday events in the Middle East. Regional events covered on the BBC's website will be assumed to be common knowledge and may appear on exams. Peruse daily: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/default.stm Additional online news sources will be provided on Blackboard. Assignments: Map quiz (10% of your grade): A short quiz on "basic facts" will take place in the first half of class on Monday, February 4. Students will be expected to know the names, locations, and capitals of all Middle Eastern and North Africa countries, as well as be able to locate important geographical features of the region. 1 Midterm exam (20%): The midterm will take place in class on Friday, March 7 and will cover the material in units one, two, and a portion of unit three. The exam will include multiplechoice, identification, and short essay questions. Final exam (30%): The final exam, scheduled for Friday, May 9 from 2:004:30 p.m., will cover all material in the course with a special emphasis on topics since the midterm. The exam will include multiple choice, identification, short answer, and essay questions. You must be available to take the final at the designated time. Section participation (15%): Sections will meet once a week Wednesday or Friday at a place and time to be arranged. You must attend and actively participate in discussion section each week. Be sure to read the assigned texts and any additional material assigned by your TA before section. Your TA will assign your participation grade, which will depend more on the quality than on the quantity of your contributions to the discussions. Short paper (15%): Late in the semester we will ask whether or not political Islamists become more `moderate' as they participate in pluralist political processes. You will choose a political group in the region and study documents and statements that might shed light on if and how the group has changed over time. You will then write a paper answering a set of questions on the case. Your paper should be no longer than three doublespaced pages and is due in 166 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall at 11:15 a.m. on Wednesday, April 23. Be sure to submit your paper on time. Late papers will be penalized at a rate of one letter grade for every 24 hours. Vignette authoring (10%): For this assignment you will collaborate with two or three students in your section to research a "focus" topic. Each of these topics looks at an interesting episode in Middle Eastern politics that can provide insights into the broader themes of the course. The topics will require some investigative work to establish the main facts of the episode and its political and social implications. As a group, you will then write up your study as a short vignette that you will present to your section in the week corresponding to that topic. Presentations of each vignette should take no more than ten minutes (TAs will strictly enforce this time limit). You need only submit one writeup of the vignette for your entire group, and it is due in section on the day of the presentation. Your writeup will be circulated to the other members of the section. The list of vignettes will be distributed and assigned in the first section meeting. Extensions on assignments and incompletes will be granted only because of circumstances beyond the student's control, e.g. serious illness or family emergencies. A nonrefundable airline ticket does not constitute "a circumstance beyond the student's control." 2 Cornell University policies and regulations: Each student in this course is expected to abide by the Cornell University Code of Academic Integrity, which is available at: http://www.cuinfo.cornell.edu/Academic/AIC.html It is your responsibility to familiarize yourself with university policies regarding plagiarism and other violations of academic integrity. A Cornell tutorial called "Recognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism" can be found at: http://plagiarism.arts.cornell.edu/tutorial/index.cfm The members of the teaching staff observe all university policies addressing racial, ethnic, gender, sexual preference, or religious discrimination and all forms of harassment. Students are expected to familiarize themselves with pertinent policies and to bring any concerns related to them and other Cornell University policies and regulations to the attention of the instructor. Readings: This course relies heavily on four books, which are available for purchase in paperback in the Cornell Bookstore, Kraftees, and online. They are also on reserve in Uris Library. All others readings will be available on the GOVT 331 Blackboard site. The books are: Cleveland, William L. 2004. A History of the Modern Middle East 3rd edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. [Page numbers on this syllabus refer only to the 3rd edition.] Humphreys, R. Stephen. 2005. Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age updated edition. Berkeley: University of California Press. Al Aswany, Alaa [Translated by Humphrey Davies]. 2006. The Yacoubian Building: A Novel. New York: Harper Perennial. Wright, Lawrence. 2006. The Looming Tower: AlQaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Vintage Books. 3 COURSE SCHEDULE AND OUTLINE Aside from the four books listed above, all items will be available via Blackboard. Jan 21 (Mon): Introduction, course overview Unit 1 The resiliency of authoritarianism Jan 23 (Wed): Is there a democracy deficit in the Middle East? Bellin, Eva. 2004. "The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective." Comparative Politics 36, 2:139157. Bromley, Simon. 1997. "Middle East exceptionalism myth or reality?" In Democratization, eds. David Potter, David Goldblatt, Margaret Kiloh, Paul Lewis. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Inc. p. 321344 Jan 25 (Fri): Drawing versus making states Cleveland, chapters 9 & 10 (pp. 149192) Jan 28 (Mon): Emergence of the Middle East state system, regional security Cleveland, chapters 1113 (pp. 193271) Jan 30 (Wed): Cultural explanations Hudson, Michael C. 1995. "The Political Culture Approach to Arab Democratization: The Case for Brining It Back In, Carefully." In Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World, Volume I: Theoretical Perspectives, eds. Rex Brynen, Baghat Korany, and Paul Noble. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. pp. 6176. Anderson, Lisa. 1995. "Democracy in the Arab World: A Critique of the Political Culture Approach." In Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World, Volume I: Theoretical Perspectives, eds. Rex Brynen, Baghat Korany, and Paul Noble. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. pp. 7792. Fish, M. Steven. 2002. "Islam and Authoritarianism." World Politics 55, 1:437. 4 Feb 1 (Fri): Ethnic and sectarian diversity Tessler, Mark. 2002. "Islam and Democracy in the Middle East: The Impact of Religious Orientations on Attitudes toward Democracy in Four Arab Countries." Comparative Politics 34, 3:337354. Feb 4 (Mon): Map quiz; Arab nationalism Map quiz Cleveland, chapter 15 (pp. 301344) Humphreys, chapter 3 (pp. 6082) Feb 6 (Wed): The political economy of oil Beblawi, Hazem. 1990. "The Rentier State in the Arab World." In The Arab State, ed. Giacomo Luciani. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 8598 Ross, Michael Lewin. 2001. "Does Oil Hinder Democracy?" World Politics 53, 3:325361. Cleveland, chapter 21 (pp. 451472) Feb 8 (Fri): The mukhabarat state, cults of personality Humphreys, chapter 5 (113130) Unit 2 Islam and politics Feb 11 (Mon): Varieties of political Islam Denoeux, Guilain. 2002. "The Forgotten Swamp: Navigating Political Islam." Middle East Policy 9, 2:5681 Kurzman, Charles. 2002. "bin Laden and other thoroughly modern Muslims." Contexts 1, 4:1320. Feb 13 (Wed): Islam and politics din wa dunya Humphreys, chapters 67 (pp. 131173) 5 Feb 15 (Fri): The Society of Muslim Brothers alBanna, Hasan. 1978. "Between Yesterday and Today." In Five Tracts of Hasan al Banna (19061949): A selection from the Majmu`at Rasa'il alImam alShahid Hasan al Banna, ed. and trans. Charles Wendell. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 1339. Feb 18 (Mon): The Iranian Revolution causes and legacies Presidents' Day, classes held Cleveland, pp. 288300 and chapter 20 (pp. 423450) Feb 20 (Wed): Mobilization via Islam Deeb, Lara. 2006. "Hizballah: A Primer." Middle East Report Online. July 31. Shikaki, Khalili. 2006. "Sweeping Victory, Uncertain Mandate." Journal of Demoracy 17, 3:116130. Feb 22 (Fri): Why did Islamists win in Iraq? Dawisha, Adeed, and Larry Diamond. 2006. "Iraq's Year of Voting Dangerously." Journal of Democracy 17, 2:89103. Unit 3 War and peace Feb 25 (Mon): Patterns of war and peace Srli, Mirjam E., Nils Petter Gleditsch, and Hvard Strang. 2005. "Why is There So Much Conflict in the Middle East?" Journal of Conflict Resolution 49, 1:141165. Humphreys, chapter 4 (pp. 83112) Cleveland, chapter 16 (pp. 323344) Feb 27 (Wed): State rivalries and conflict over natural resources Cleveland, chapter 19 (pp. 397421) and pp. 478497. Feb 29 (Fri): Sectarianism and ethnic divisions Cleveland, chapter 18 (pp. 373395) 6 Mar 3 (Mon): PalestinianIsraeli relations Cleveland, chapter 17 (pp. 345367), pp. 473478, chapter 23 (pp. 499517) Mar 5 (Wed): The impact of Palestine Kazziha, Walid. 1990. "The Impact of Palestine on Arab Politics." In The Arab State, ed. Giacomo Luciani. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 300318 Lucas, Russell E. 2004. "Jordan: the Death of Normalization with Israel." The Middle East Journal 58, 1:93111. Mar 7 (Fri): Midterm Exam Mar 10 (Mon): Radical Islamists and near enemies Wright, chapters 14 (pp. 1113) Friedman, Thomas L. 1995. From Beirut to Jerusalem Updated. New York: Anchor Books. Chapter 4 "Hama Rules" (pp. 76105) Mar 12 (Wed): Radical Islamists and far enemies Wright, chapters 517 (pp. 114339) Haykel, Bernard. 2001. "Radical Salafism: Osama's ideology." Dawn. http://muslimcanada.org/binladendawn.html Mar 14 (Fri): 9/11, suicide terrorism Wright, chapters 1820 (pp. 340421) Lake, David A. "Rational Extremism: Understanding Terrorism in the Twentyfirst Century." DialogIO 1, 1:1529. Pape, Robert A. 2003. "The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism." The American Political Science Review 97, 3:343361. March 1721: Spring Break 7 Unit 4 Economic development Mar 24 (Mon): Patterns of economic (under)development Richard, Alan. 2003. "`Modernity and Economic Development': The `New' American Messianism." Middle East Policy 10, 3:5678. Iqbal, Farrukh, and Mustapha Kamel Nabli. 2004. "Trade, Foreign Direct Investment and Development in the Middle East and North Africa." presented at a conference entitled The Middle East and North Africa Region: The Challenges of Growth and Globalization organized by the International Monetary Fund. Washington, DC. Hanouz, Margareta Drzeniek, and Tarik Yousef. 2007. "Assessing Competitiveness in the Arab World: Strategies for Sustaining the Growth Momentum." In The Arab World Competitive Report 2007. World Economic Forum. http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/chapters/1_1. pdf Mar 26 (Wed): Oil and state control of the economy Waterbury, John. 1997. "From Social Contracts to Extraction Contracts: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism and Democracy." In Islam, Democracy, and the State in North Africa, ed. John P. Entelis. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 141176. Shafir, Gershon, and Yoav Peled. 2002. Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 231259. Mar 28 (Fri): Demography and unemployment Humphreys, chapter 1 (pp. 122) Shaban, Radwan A., Ragui Assaad, and Sulayman S. alQudsi. 1995. "The challenge of unemployment in the Arab region." International Labour Review 134, 1:6581. Dyer, Paul, and Tarik Yousef. 2007. "Will the Current Oil Boom Solve the Employment Crisis in the Middle East?" In The Arab World Competitive Report 2007. World Economic Forum. http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/chapters/1_3. pdf 8 Mar 31 (Mon): The legacy of Islamic institutions Kuran, Timur. 2004. "Why the Middle East is Economically Underdeveloped: Historical Mechanisms of Institutional Stagnation." The Journal of Economic Perspectives 18, 3:71 90. Apr 2 (Wed): Women and socioeconomic development Humphreys, chapter 9 (pp. 204226) United Nations Development Programme. 2005. "Arab Human Development Report 2005: Empowerment of Arab Women." New York: UNDP. Pages TBA http://www.undp.org/arabstates/ahdr2005.shtml Inglehart, Ronald, and Pippa Norris. 2003. "The True Clash of Civilizations." Foreign Policy. March/April: 6774. http://ksghome.harvard.edu/~pnorris/Acrobat/Inglehart%20Foreign%20Policy.pdf Apr 4 (Fri): wasta Begin alAswany Unit 5 Liberalization and democratization Apr 7 (Mon): Regimes, governance, and stability Continue alAswany Apr 9 (Wed): Liberalization versus democratization Finish alAswany Gandhi, Jennifer, and Adam Przeworski. 2007. "Authoritarian Institutions and the Survival of Autocrats." Comparative Political Studies 40, 11:12791301. Apr 11 (Fri): Elections under authoritarianism LustOkar, Ellen. 2006. "Elections under Authoritarianism: Preliminary Lessons from Jordan." Democratization 13, 3:456471. Lindberg, Staffan I. 2006. "The Surprising Significance of African Elections." Journal of Democracy 17, 1:139151. 9 Apr 14 (Mon): Religious parties and democracy Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2000. "Commitment Problems in Emerging Democracies: The Case of Religious Parties." Comparative Politics 32, 4:379398. Fuller, Graham E. 2004. Islamists in the Arab World: The Dance Around Democracy. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/cp49_fuller_final.pdf Apr 16 (Wed): Faith in moderation Robinson, Glenn E. 1997. "Can Islamists be Democrats? The Case of Jordan." The Middle East Journal 51, 3:373387. The Muslim Brotherhood and the Islamic Action Front Party. 2005. The Islamic Movement's Vision for Reform in Jordan. Amman: The Islamic Movement Jordan. Apr 18 (Fri): NO LECTURE (but sections meet). Watch The Yacoubian Building film at Cornell Cinema (April 2429) or on reserve. King, Charles. 1998. "Battling the Six Evil Geniuses of Essay Writing." PS: Political Science and Politics 31, 1:5963. Apr 21 (Mon): Civil society Jamal, Amaney A. 2007. Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 121. http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s8420.pdf Brand, Laurie. A. "Development in Wadi Rum? State Bureaucracy, External Funders, and Civil Society." International Journal of Middle East Studies 33, 4:571590. Bayat, Asef. 2002. "Activisim and Social Development in the Middle East." International Journal of Middle East Studies 34, 1:128. Apr 23 (Wed): New media and the Arab public Paper on Islamist moderation due. Eickelman, Dale F. 2005. "New Media in the Arab Middle East and the Emergence of Open Societies." Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization, ed. Robert W. Hefner. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 3759. 10 Apr 25 (Fri): External democracy promotion Carothers, Thomas. 2003. "Is Gradualism Possible? Choosing a Strategy for Promoting Democracy in the Middle East." Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Scott, James M. and Carie A. Steele. 2005. "Assisting democrats or resisting dictators? The nature and impact of democracy support by the United States National Endowment for Democracy, 199099." Democratization 12, 4:439460. Apr 28 (Mon): AntiAmericanisms Lewis, Bernard. 1990. "The Roots of Muslim Rage." The Atlantic September:4760. Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. "The Clash of Civilization?" Foreign Affairs Summer:2249. Mitchell, Timothy. 2004. "American Power and AntiAmericanism in the Middle East." In AntiAmericanism, eds. Andrew Ross and Kristin Ross. New York: New York University Press. pp. 87105. Apr 30 (Wed): Human rights Humphreys, chapter 10 (pp. 227259) Mednifcoff, David M. 2003. "Think Locally Act Globally? Cultural Framing and Human Rights Movements in Tunisia and Morocco." The International Journal of Human Rights 7, 3:72102. May 2 (Fri): Summary and final exam review May 9 (Fri): Final exam, 2:004:30 p.m., location TBA 11 ...
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