MMW5 Final studyguide

MMW5 Final studyguide - The Russian Revolution Lenin's...

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The Russian Revolution Lenin’s version of Marxism -Marx did not have in mind a highly agricultural society like Russia, he had in mind a highly industrialized society, but Lenin wanted to make it work for Russia and wasn’t willing to wait for history to take its course. -it is the belief in the necessity of a violent overthrow of capitalism through communist revolution, to be followed by a dictatorship of the proletariat as the first stage of moving towards communism, and the need for a vanguard party to lead the proletariat in this effort. Stages of the Revolution -The Russian Revolution was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government ruled by Duma, resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. This eventually led to the establishment of the Soviet Union. -The revolution was divided into two distinct phases, the February Revolution, and the October Revolution. February Revolution displaced the autocracy of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last effective Tsar of Russia and sought to establish in its place a liberal republic. -the October Revolution, in which the Bolshevik party and the workers Soviets, led by Lenin, overthrew the provisional government. While many notable historical events occurred in Moscow and St. Petersburg, there was also a broadly based movement in the rural areas as peasants seized and redistributed land. European Imperialism, Congo -The Berlin Conference (1884-85) -regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period. Called for by Bismark, the first Chancellor of Germany, its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, is often seen as the formalization of the Scramble for Africa. -Divide up the continent and disperse the access to resources for exploitation. This was Leopold’s endeavor NOT Belguim, Congo became his own personal property. -Belgium’s acquisition of Congo -King Leopold II gave up control of his personal property, Congo, mainly due to international outrage over the brutality of his reign. -When the Belgian Government took over the Congolese Administration from King Leopold II, the situation in the Congo improved dramatically. Economic and Social changes transformed the Congo into a “model colony”. -Leopold believed that overseas colonies were the key to a country’s greatness, and he worked tirelessly to acquire colonial territory for Belgium. Netiher the Belgian people nor the Belgian government were interested, but Leopold eventually began trying to acquire a colony in his private capacity as an ordinary citizen. -Much diplomatic maneuvering resulted in the Berlin Conference of 1884-85, at which representatives of thirteen European countries and the US recognized Leopold as sovereign of most of the area he had laid claim to. -Reports of outrageous exploitation and widespread human rights abuses led to an international
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course MMW 5 taught by Professor Cassedy during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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MMW5 Final studyguide - The Russian Revolution Lenin's...

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