GOVT 331 Hudson - The Political Culture Approach to Arab Democratization

GOVT 331 Hudson - The Political Culture Approach to Arab Democratization

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~ Political Liberalization and Dem.ocratization in the Arab World Volume 1 Theoretical Perspectives edited by Rex Brynen, Bahgat Korany, Paul Noble omortilUllin.teT1lniversitairePOI("It'SHllde$ arrJbf5 . ,. liller-University C""sortillm for A11l'b Shldies ~."...JI .:.L..IJ'~,lJ JI.:!?-"" .;.l",...,4- ~~I '.:i1- (Montr8ll) ~ L~E RIENNER PUBLISHERS L BOULDER LONDON
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To Chloe, David, Vanessa, Leyla, Mark Ramzi, Michael, Patrick, Peter, and Paul Published in the United States of America in 1995 by Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. 1800 30th Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301 and in the United Kingdom by Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. 3 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LU © 1995 by Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data political liberalization and democratization in the Arab world I edited by Rex Bry~en, Bahgat Korany, Paul Noble. p. em. Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: v. 1. Theoretical perspectives ISBN 1-55587-559-9 (he: alk. paper) ISBN 1-55587-579-3 (pb : alk. paper) I. Arab countries-Politics and government-1945- 2. Civil society-Arab countries. 3. Democracy-Arab countries. 4. political culture-Arab countries. 1. Brynen, Rex. II. Korany, Bahgat. III. Noble, Paul. JQ1850.A91P65 1995 306.2'0917'4927 -dc20 95-17941 CIP British Cataloguing in publication Data A Cataloguing in Publication record for this book is av"ailable from the British Library. Printed and bound in the United States of America The paper used in this publication meets the requirements @ of the American National Standard for Pennanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials Z39.48-1984. 543 ~ .... Contents List of Tables and Figures Preface vii ix Introduction (l'yntroducti?n: T~eor.etical Perspective~ o~ . Arab LlberahzatIon and DemocratizatIOn Rex Brynen, Bahgat Korany, and Paul Noble 2 Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World: An Overview Saad Eddin Ibrahim 3 29 Part 1 The Domestic Setting: Culture, Discourse, and Politics 3 4 5 6 The Political Culture Approach to Arab Democratization: The Case for Bringing It Back In, Carefully Michael C. Hudson Democracy in the Arab World: A Critique of the Political Culture Approach Lisa Anderson Democracy in Contemporary Arab Intellectual Discourse Salwa Ismail Islam and Pluralism Gudrun Kramer 61 77 93 113 Part 2 Civil Society: Actors and Activism, Empowerment and Peripheralization 7 The Concept of Civil Society and the Arab World Mustapha Kamel al-Sayyid 131
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3 The Political Culture Approach to Arab Democratization: The Case for Bringing It Back In, Carefully Michael C. Hudson The abuse and misuse of the political culture concept to "explain" Arab politics has been so egregious that it is hard to resist the temptation to con- sign it without further ado to the dustbin of political science. So many sins have been committed: gross overgeneralization (Patai), crude Orientalism (Pryce-Jones), Eurocentric chauvinism (Kedourie), anthropologic reduc- tionism (Gellner), not to mention media sound-bites ("Shi'is are suicidal but Sunnis are homicidal"). In academic political science the "political culture approach," much admired as part of the dominant
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