IR FINAL

IR FINAL - Zea 0 Taylor Zea Mike Jackson Thursday 10AM Zea...

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Zea 1 Taylor Zea Mike Jackson Thursday 10AM
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Zea 1 United Nations’ (UN) programs are conducive to the development of impoverished nations because countries from the global South see the international organization as a friendly, non bias organization. Plus, the global status of the UN allows for a more thorough aid and assistance by all member states 1 . The UN Millennium Development Project (UNMDP) is a worldwide effort to eradicate poverty, disease, and mortality that plagues underdeveloped nations, and the United States has set its stratagem for achieving the target. The Millennium Declaration sets the goal to cut extreme poverty in half and reduce child mortality by two-thirds within the next 15 years 2 . To achieve this pledge by 2015, the Monterrey Consensus and U.S. National Security Strategy define the plan to achieve these objectives by promoting the private sector in developing countries, opening trade with them, and increasing official development assistance (ODA) 3 . With such lofty goals set by the Millennium Declaration, the U.S. must raise public support by being up front with the American people and adequately fund projects so success could jumpstart the global South out of economic turmoil. By joining the UN’s efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of combating all the dimensions of poverty, the U.S. has announced its plans for funding, but the promise falls short of the action in many ways. Responding to disasters and remaining prepared for war investment overshadows international peaceful development by the U.S. in the long-term. The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) measures the U.S. foreign assistance as just .7 percent of budgetary expenditures of the total $2.3 trillion U.S. budget in 2004 4 . Strategic placement of U.S. funds has corrupted much of the placement of aid due to the bias of the U.S. to help strategic states of geopolitical importance. “Debt forgiveness grants” take much of the expenditure to developing countries without ever actually providing any money, but rather, paying off money already owed. Emergency assistance cannot be the only support for poor
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Zea 2 countries since it only presents an immediate solution while also depreciating local farmers’ market prices due to the increased supply of goods from the U.S. High transportation costs eventually take over much of the funding going into emergency aid. Another hole is the payments toward technical cooperation and U.S. consultants. With all of these holes in the process of transferring money to sub-Saharan Africa, for example, only $118 million resulted for in-country operations or 18 cents for every 650 million poverty-stricken people 5 . The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) plans to provide grants to underdeveloped
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2008 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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IR FINAL - Zea 0 Taylor Zea Mike Jackson Thursday 10AM Zea...

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