PHL 314 assignment 1

PHL 314 assignment 1 - Deciding Ethically in Health Care...

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Deciding Ethically in Health Care pgs. 11-26. 1. In your own words, explain the two reasons that Forsberg and Pfeiffer give in support of the claim that ethical principles are important for ethical decision-making. Answer 1. Forsberg and Pfeiffer justify the important of ethical principles with the idea that understanding our own moral convictions helps us to make better ethical decisions when confronted with problems. 2. Briefly explain in your own words the principle of do no harm. Answer 2. Do no harm is the prevention performing malicious actions or intentions on to others. 3. If you act in a manner that causes harm to another, under what circumstances might that not be a case of a violation of the do no harm principle? Answer 3. If the action is part of an overall good it is ethically justified. Also, if the harm is accidental, it is no fault of the subject and does not violate the principle. 4. Briefly explain in your own words the principle of honesty. Answer 4. Honesty is the principle of not engaging in deception of all degrees with others. 5. Is stating a half-truth, deliberately misleading or deceiving someone a violation of the principle of honesty? Answer 5. A half-truth is still a form of deception, as the person deliberately tried to prevent someone from knowing something. It still violates the principle of honesty. 6. Explain the relationship between honesty and trust. Answer 6. Honesty is derived from trust. It leads people to trust each other, because they expect that they are being dealt with honestly. If there is a violation of honesty, it results in a violation of trust. 7. Briefly explain in your own words the principle of fidelity. Answer 7. Fidelity is a combination of honesty and fairness towards others. It is expected that one would be honest with those around him, and that one would try to be as fair as possible when confronted with decisions involving others.
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8. Explain the relationship between fidelity, trust and cooperation. Answer 8. Fidelity, trust, and cooperation are all related as they imply the same type of
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PHL 314 taught by Professor Z.meghani during the Spring '08 term at Rhode Island.

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PHL 314 assignment 1 - Deciding Ethically in Health Care...

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