Week 2_ seminar .pdf - Grapes: The stock: contributes...

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Grapes:The stock: contributes bitterness to wine (contains bitter oils)-Sometimes on purpose, most make sure they are removedRed wine: fermenting on the skin- pulling flavour, colour and tannins-Tanin: drying flavourHistory of Ontario-Need to know for quiz * February 1-Places in ontario for wineWords we use use in this class:-Cold climate: assess and discuss the climate in which the grapes are grown in-How they are handled, and taste in the end-All canadian regions are cold climate-BC. Okanagan cooler climate-One of the desserts: hot climate-Vinicevinivera: type of grape (European) when planted in ontario we are able to makeeuropean style wine.-Not winter hearty-Able to graft the root stocks-Keep the vine alive-Bring european variety in canada-3000+ vinicvinivera varieties-Italy alone as 2000+ vinicevinivera-Only species identified for quality wine and only type used-IN 2000’s sparkling and ice wines became more popular-Canadian man brought it more-Most people know ontario for ICE WINE-Ice wine: incredibly sweet wine created from frozen grapesOntario wineries are restricted to growing certain varieties that are thrive in cold climate:-If they don't strive in canadian climate they will be unripe and poor quality wineAcidity higher in cooler climateAlcohol higher in hotter climate wineWhat grapes grow well
-Chardonnay-Pinon grigiotFactors that affect Price-location : example bordeau is more price high than ontarioGeneral timeline of Events*Ontario has been making quality wine for 20+ years-Previously making wintery hearty wine which is notOntario Appellations-What is an appellation3 key appellations: only places granted to make quality wine in ontario-Prince edward county-Niagara peninsula-Lake Erie North ShoreSimilarities: (LAKE EFFECT*)-All on the coast-Large bodies of water mediates the temperature enough to produce quality grapes(slightly higher temperatures) - proximity to lake ontario (mediating effect which bumpsup the temperature)-Allows grapes to ripen- extends season-Lake erie lakeshore-Prince edward county: only allowed to grow certain varieties-Much colder-Season slightly shorter-Temperatures during harvest are lower-Pinot noir and chardonnay more likely-Bolder red wines don't survive as muchEscarpment (elevation)-Very important in terms of the higher the escarpment mediation in temperatures andlonger and closer exposure to sunlight - ripens grapes better
The Niagara Peninsula-Diverse terrier, sheltered slopes, lakeside vineyards - the lake effect-Soil: 200, 000 years ago glacial events, clay with mixed in silt-Importance of soil - how it affects grapes and flavour of grapes-Don't see a lot of bulk-Cant have a stable market if its all bulk or all luxury-92 wineries - more like 150 now-1.5 million cases production-85% of-Subappelations in Niagara peninsulaLake Erie North Shore-12000 case place production (really small)-Abundance of sunshine (longer than niagara) - riper fruit-Favourably southerly location with warming effect of the shallow waters of lake eries

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Term
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Professor
Beukian
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