History Exam 1 review - Exploration and Empire(1492-1584 The Columbian Exchange Trade of goods between the\"New and\"Old world Why More stuff=More Power

History Exam 1 review - Exploration and Empire(1492-1584...

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Exploration and Empire (1492-1584)The Columbian Exchange Trade of goods between the "New" and "Old" worldWhy? More stuff=More Power and the more stuff that goes to the "Old" from the "New" world the more people want to come to the "New" world,means expansion of the EmpireResult? Illnesses come to the "New" worldWhat stuff goes to the New world from the Old world? Coffee, Wheat, Horses, goats, cows, sheep, bananas What stuff is going to the Old world from the New world? plants & food,such as corn, beans, coco, pumpkin, a panther, and rattle snake.Early English American (1584-1689)Mercantilism - Economic theory that's main goal was to increase a nation's wealth by imposing government regulation concerning all of the nation's commercial interests.The theory was that the more limited resources you had the wealthier youwould become as a nation.Wealth is the finite resource, and a nation must do whatever it takes to getmore, even at the expense of freedom or other nations.it worked.Why was there British colonization?MercantilismExpansion of the EmpireFresh start/No debtReligious freedom - Catholics want to leave and Puritans want outOvercrowdingDifferent Types of ColoniesRoyal Colonies- set up by the crown and ran by the crown, taxedProprietorship Colony: owned by individuals, taxedSelf-Governed Colony: controlled by a company/group, taxedCommon Theme: all allowed to do what they want to an extent, all taxed,have to do things the way Britain wants itRoanoke Island (North Carolina,1584)First actual colony of Americanunsuccessful
no one really knows what happened to the colonist, they vanishedJohn Smith came and organized Jamestown Jamestown (Virginia,1607) Fertile Land, near riverLooked for clear land to set up camp and built wallsNamed after King JamesInstructions: don't die: they lived1st winter: harsh, they became so desperate they ate their deadRandomly Chosen/VolunteeredCash Crop: survives because of tobacco Tobacco: not edible, labor intensive, and wastes landhow do we get people to come? indentured servant-forgive debts/prison sentences if you worka certain amount of time and then you're set free (stopped) Substitute labor: slavery The Headright System land is given for moving to the new world Bacon's Rebellion (1675-1676)Nathaniel Bacon led itJamestown is burned(not completely)Nathaniel DiesRebellion endsresults: problems between natives & settlers and east & west, men w/ojobs, salvesThe Development of New England, Middle,and Southern Colonies(1620-71)Puritans Want to make the church of Britain pure; the crown says get the hell out of herePuritan Separatists/Pilgrims want to be pure and leave the British church (pilgrims: official thanksgiving and named colony after where they sailed from)Plymouth Colony (1620)puritan separatists and people seeking work/freedom from debt66 day journey on the Mayflower, 120 people, stole corn, winter brought sickness, half survived

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