CHAPTER 10THE AGE OF JACKSON(1824-1844)Emergence of popular politics. “AGE OF THE COMMON MAN” or “ERA OF JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY”.A)JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACYi)THE RISE OF A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY - Alexis de Tocqueville, French aristocrat noticed informal manners in American politics. Also on trains, stagecoaches and steamboats all classes sat together. Men wore the same dark pants and jackets and poor women emulated styles in magazine. It was an equal society.They believed in equality for white males (ignoring African Americans). Equality of opportunity would allow a white male to rise as far as his talent and industry would take him. Here of the age was “self-made man”. No “self-made woman”. At end of 1840’s women would take up this course.ii)POLITICS OF THE COMMON MAN – 1824-1840 politics moved out of rich homes to middle and lower classes. For several reasons.a.Universal Male Suffrage –3 states Illinois, Missouri, and India, passed laws allowing all white males to vote and hold office. No religious/property qualifications. Eastern states followed suit. 1824 350,000 voted for president to 2.4 million in 1840. Also office could be held my middle and lower class people.b.Party Nominating Conventions –Past candidates chosen by stale legislature or “King Caucus”, closed door meeting of leaders. These were replaced by nominating conventions, politicians and voters meet to nominate. Anti-Masonic Party first to do it. Popular participation = more democratic.c.Popular Election for President-1832 Only South Carolina, used old system where legislature chose electors. In all others voters chose electors, more democratic.d.Two Party System –Popular election of electors meant presidential campaignhad to be conducted on a national scale. Large political parties were needed to do this.e.Rise of Third Parties-Only large parties, democratic and wigs were expectedto win. Other parties, like Anti Masonic, and Workingman’s Party, reached outto people with little interest in politics. Anti-Masons attacked secret societies, privileged and elite.f.More Elected Offices –more state and local offices available. Used to be appointed, people had more say and became more involved.