GOVT 331 Sorli - Why Is There So Much Conflict in the MidEast

GOVT 331 Sorli - Why Is There So Much Conflict in the MidEast

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View Full Document Right Arrow Icon Journal of Conflict Resolution DOI: 10.1177/0022002704270824 2005; 49; 141 Journal of Conflict Resolution Mirjam E. Sørli, Nils Petter Gleditsch and Håvard Strand Why Is There So Much Conflict in the Middle East? The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: On behalf of: Peace Science Society (International) can be found at: Journal of Conflict Resolution Additional services and information for Email Alerts: Subscriptions: Reprints: Permissions: SAGE Journals Online and HighWire Press platforms): (this article cites 21 articles hosted on the Citations © 2005 SAGE Publications. All rights reserved. Not for commercial use or unauthorized distribution. by on February 25, 2008 Downloaded from
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10.1 7 /0 2 0 2704270824 ARTICLE JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION Sørli et al. / CONFLICT IN THE MID LE EAST Why Is There So Much Conflict in the Middle East? MIRJAM E. SØRLI Centre for the Study of Civil War International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO), Norway NILS PETTER GLEDITSCH Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO and Department of Sociology and Political Science Norwegian University of Science and Technology HÅVARD STRAND Department of Political Science University of Oslo, Norway TheMiddleEastisoneofthemostconflict-proneregions—butwhy?TheCollier-Hoefflermodelofcivil war provides the starting point for our analysis. In an application to Africa, Collier and Hoeffler found pov- erty to be the most significant predictor of conflict. For conflict in the Middle East, a more complex picture emerges. Consistent with Collier and Hoeffler, the authors find that economic development and economic growth, in addition to longer periods of peace, generally decrease the likelihood of conflict. They also find that ethnic dominance is significant, while social fractionalization is not. Contrary to Collier and Hoeffler, they find that regime type matters. Variables for the Middle East region, Islamic countries, and oil depen- dence are not significant. Conflict in the Middle East is quite well explained by a general theory of civil war, and there is no need to invoke a pattern of “Middle Eastern exceptionalism.” Keywords: Middle East; conflict; Collier-Hoeffler model; civil war C onflict in the Middle East is a recurring feature in international politics, academic literature, and current news coverage. The fifty-five-year-old Israeli-Palestinian con- flict is one of the most enduring conflicts anywhere, but over the past twenty-five years, the region has also hosted two of the wars with the most international par- ticipants (Iraq in 1991 and 2003), as well as the bloodiest interstate war of that period (Iran-Iraq, 1980-1988). The region is also surrounded by other long-term conflict
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2008 for the course GOVT 3313 taught by Professor Patel,david during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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GOVT 331 Sorli - Why Is There So Much Conflict in the MidEast

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