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Unformatted text preview: West Coast 2012 1 Aff Handbook WEST COAST DEBATE TRANSPORTATION 2012-2013 AFFIRMATIVE HANDBOOK Edited by Aaron Hardy and Jim Hanson Researched by: Brett Bricker, Jonah Feldman, Athena Murray, Greta Stahl, James Taylor, Alex Zendeh, Derek Ziegler Articles by: Jim Hanson and Aaron Hardy West Coast 2012 2 Aff Handbook WEST COAST DEBATE TRANSPORTATION 2011-2012 AFFIRMATIVE HANDBOOK Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States. Finding Arguments in this Handbook Use the table of contents on the next pages to find the evidence you need or the navigation bar on the left. We have tried to make the table of contents as easy to use as possible. You’ll find affirmatives, disadvantages, counterplans, and kritiks listed alphabetically in their categories. Using the arguments in this Handbook We encourage you to be familiar with the evidence you use. Highlight (underline) the key lines you will use in the evidence. Cut evidence from our files, incorporate your and others’ research and make new files. File the evidence so that you can easily retrieve it when you need it in debate rounds. Practice reading the evidence out-loud; Practice applying the arguments to your opponents’ positions; Practice defending your evidence in rebuttal speeches. Use West Coast Evidence as a Beginning We hope you enjoy our evidence files and find them useful. In saying this, we want to make a strong statement that we make when we coach and that we believe is vitally important to your success: DO NOT USE THIS EVIDENCE AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR YOUR OWN RESEARCH. Instead, let it serve as a beginning. Let it inform you of important arguments, of how to tag and organize your arguments, and to offer citations for further research. Don’t stagnate in these files--build upon them by doing your own research for updates, new strategies, and arguments that specifically apply to your opponents. In doing so, you’ll use our evidence to become a better debater. Copying West Coast Evidence Our policy gives you the freedom to use our evidence for educational purposes without violating our hard work. You may print and copy this evidence for those on your team. You may not electronically share nor distribute this evidence with anyone other than those on your team unless you very substantially change each page that of material that you share. For unusual situations, you can e-mail us at [email protected] and seek our consent. Ordering West Coast Materials 1. Visit the West Coast Web Page at 2. E-mail us at [email protected] You can also call us at 888-255-9133; fax us at 877-781-5058; or write to West Coast Publishing; 2344 Hawk Drive; Walla Walla WA 99362 Copyright 2012. West Coast Publishing. All Rights Reserved. Visit our web page! West Coast 2012 3 Aff Handbook Table Of Contents WEST COAST DEBATE_________________________________________________________________1 WEST COAST DEBATE_________________________________________________________________2 Table Of Contents__________________________________________________________________________3 Transportation Topic Analysis_________________________________________________________________9 Potential Affirmative Cases__________________________________________________________________13 Transportation Advantage Core________________________________________________________16 Uniqueness – Competitiveness Low Now_______________________________________________________17 Uniqueness – Competitiveness Low Now_______________________________________________________18 Uniqueness – AT: Resiliency_________________________________________________________________19 Solvency – AT: Decline Inevitable_____________________________________________________________20 Competitiveness Impact – War and Stability____________________________________________________21 Competitiveness Impact – Global Economy_____________________________________________________22 Competitiveness Impact Global Trade________________________________________________________23 Competitiveness Impact – Global Leadership____________________________________________________24 Competitiveness Impact – Global Leadership____________________________________________________25 Competitiveness Impact – Military Power______________________________________________________26 Uniqueness – AT: Economy Resilient___________________________________________________________27 I/L – US Key to the Global Economy___________________________________________________________28 I/L – US Key to the Global Economy___________________________________________________________29 I/L – AT: Decoupling________________________________________________________________________30 Economy Impact – Conflict__________________________________________________________________31 Economy Impact – Conflict__________________________________________________________________32 Economy Impact – Chinese Collapse___________________________________________________________33 Economy Impact – US/China War_____________________________________________________________34 Economy Impact – US/China War_____________________________________________________________35 Economy Impact – Heg_____________________________________________________________________36 Economy Impact – Heg_____________________________________________________________________37 Economy Impact – AT: Growth Bad - Environment________________________________________________38 Economy Impact – AT: Growth Bad____________________________________________________________39 Economy Impact – AT: Growth Unsustainable___________________________________________________40 Uniqueness – Hegemony Low Now___________________________________________________________41 Uniqueness – Hegemony Low Now___________________________________________________________42 Uniqueness - AT: Heg Resilient_______________________________________________________________43 Solvency – AT: Decline Inevitable/Heg Unsustainable_____________________________________________44 Heg Impact – Great Power War______________________________________________________________45 Heg Impact – Transition wars________________________________________________________________46 Heg Impact – Transition wars________________________________________________________________47 Heg Impact – Climate Change and Disease______________________________________________________48 Heg Impact – Climate Change and Disease______________________________________________________49 Heg Impact – Free Trade/Trade Conflicts_______________________________________________________50 Heg Impact – Democracy___________________________________________________________________51 Heg Impact – Democracy___________________________________________________________________52 AT: Multipolarity Solves_____________________________________________________________________53 AT: Multipolarity Solves_____________________________________________________________________54 AT: Counter-balancing______________________________________________________________________55 AT: Counter-balancing______________________________________________________________________56 Highways Af_______________________________________________________________________57 West Coast 2012 4 Aff Handbook Highways 1AC 1/10________________________________________________________________________58 Highways 1AC 2/10________________________________________________________________________59 Highways 1AC 3/10________________________________________________________________________60 Highways 1AC 4/10________________________________________________________________________61 Highways 1AC 5/10________________________________________________________________________62 Highways 1AC 6/10________________________________________________________________________63 Highways 1AC 7/10________________________________________________________________________64 Highways 1AC 8/10________________________________________________________________________65 Highways 1AC 9/10________________________________________________________________________66 Highways 1AC 10/10_______________________________________________________________________67 IHS Funding Low Now______________________________________________________________________68 IHS Funding Low Now______________________________________________________________________69 IHS Deterioration Now_____________________________________________________________________70 IHS Traffic Increasing_______________________________________________________________________71 IHS Key to the Economy____________________________________________________________________72 IHS Key to the Economy____________________________________________________________________73 Congestion High Now______________________________________________________________________74 Congestion High Now______________________________________________________________________75 Congestion Impact – Economy_______________________________________________________________76 IHS Key to the Military_____________________________________________________________________77 Solvency – IHS Funding_____________________________________________________________________78 Solvency – IHS Funding_____________________________________________________________________79 Trade Deficit Add-On_______________________________________________________________________80 Trade Deficit Add-On_______________________________________________________________________81 Trade Deficit Add-On_______________________________________________________________________82 Accidents Add-On_________________________________________________________________________83 Accidents Add-On_________________________________________________________________________84 AT: Politics DA____________________________________________________________________________85 AT: States CP_____________________________________________________________________________86 AT: States CP_____________________________________________________________________________87 AT: Privatization CP________________________________________________________________________88 AT: Privatization CP________________________________________________________________________89 AT: Non-IHS CP____________________________________________________________________________90 Space Elevator Af___________________________________________________________________91 Space Elevator 1AC 1/7_____________________________________________________________________92 Space Elevator 1AC 2/7_____________________________________________________________________93 Space Elevator 1AC 3/7_____________________________________________________________________94 Space Elevator 1AC 4/7_____________________________________________________________________95 Space Elevator 1AC 5/7_____________________________________________________________________96 Space Elevator 1AC 6/7_____________________________________________________________________97 Space Elevator 1AC 7/7_____________________________________________________________________98 Inherency – No Space Colonization Now_______________________________________________________99 Colonization Advantage – Yes Asteroids_______________________________________________________100 Colonization Advantage – Space Elevator Key__________________________________________________101 Colonization Advantage – Colonization Solves Extinction_________________________________________102 Colonization Advantage – Colonization Not Impossible___________________________________________103 Stimulus Advantage – Stimulus Key To Growth_________________________________________________104 Stimulus Advantage – AT: Stimulus Bad_______________________________________________________105 Stimulus Advantage – AT: Stimulus Bad_______________________________________________________106 Launches Advantage – Launches Hurts Ozone__________________________________________________107 Launches Advantage – Ozone Depletion Bad___________________________________________________108 Launches Advantage – Launches Debris_____________________________________________________109 West Coast 2012 5 Aff Handbook Launches Advantage – Debris Kills Economy___________________________________________________110 Solvency – Space Elevator Feasible___________________________________________________________111 Solvency – Space Elevator Lowers Launch Costs________________________________________________112 Space Tourism Add-On____________________________________________________________________113 Space Solar Power Add-On_________________________________________________________________114 AT: Politics DA – Plan Popular_______________________________________________________________115 AT: Elections DA – Plan Popular______________________________________________________________116 AT: Private CP – Doesn’t Solve_______________________________________________________________117 AT: Private CP – Links To Politics_____________________________________________________________118 AT: Critiques – Space Solves________________________________________________________________119 AT: Topicality – Transportation/Infrastructure__________________________________________________120 Light Rail Af______________________________________________________________________121 1AC Inherency___________________________________________________________________________122 1AC Plan_______________________________________________________________________________123 1AC Growth Adv_________________________________________________________________________124 1AC Growth Adv_________________________________________________________________________125 1AC Environment Adv_____________________________________________________________________126 1AC Environment Adv–____________________________________________________________________127 1AC Solvency____________________________________________________________________________128 1AC Solvency____________________________________________________________________________129 Inherency – No HSR Now__________________________________________________________________130 Inherency – No HSR Now__________________________________________________________________131 Inherency – AT: Squo Funding Solves_________________________________________________________132 Inherency – AT: Squo Funding_______________________________________________________________133 Solvency – Yes Ridership___________________________________________________________________134 Solvency – Congress Necessary______________________________________________________________135 Growth Adv – Competitiveness Down Now____________________________________________________136 Growth Adv – Competitiveness Down________________________________________________________137 Growth Adv – Econ Down Now______________________________________________________________138 Growth Adv – Econ Down Now______________________________________________________________139 Growth Adv – US Losing Rail Race Now_______________________________________________________140 Growth Adv – US Losing Rail Race Now_______________________________________________________141 Growth Adv – Plan Boosts Economy__________________________________________________________142 Growth Adv – Internal Link Magnifier_________________________________________________________143 Growth Adv – Internal Link Magnifier_________________________________________________________144 Growth Adv – Competitiveness Key to Heg____________________________________________________145 Growth Adv – Competitiveness Key to Heg____________________________________________________146 Environment Adv – Warming Real/Increasing__________________________________________________147 Environment Adv – Rail Only Option_________________________________________________________148 Environment Adv – AT: Transportation Standards Solve___________________________________________149 Oil Dependence – Add On__________________________________________________________________150 AT: T – Infrastructure______________________________________________________________________151 AT: T – Investment________________________________________________________________________152 AT: States CP – Permutation________________________________________________________________153 AT: States CP – Solvency Deficits_____________________________________________________________154 AT: States CP – Solvency Deficits_____________________________________________________________155 AT: Freight Shipping DA____________________________________________________________________156 AT: Politics DA – Plan Popular_______________________________________________________________157 AT: Politics DA – Plan Popular_______________________________________________________________158 AT: Politics DA – Thumpers_________________________________________________________________159 AT: Spending DA – Link Turns_______________________________________________________________160 AT: Spending DA – Link Turns_______________________________________________________________161 West Coast 2012 6 Aff Handbook AT: Kritiks (General)_______________________________________________________________________162 AT: Kritiks (General)_______________________________________________________________________163 Green Stimulus Af_________________________________________________________________164 1AC Solvency____________________________________________________________________________165 1AC Environment Advantage_______________________________________________________________166 1AC Environment Advantage_______________________________________________________________167 1AC Economy Advantage__________________________________________________________________168 1AC Economy Advantage__________________________________________________________________169 Inherency – No Sustainable Highways________________________________________________________170 The Plan is key to Highway Sustainability______________________________________________________171 Green Highways are Key to Sustainability______________________________________________________172 Sustainability is a Holistic Approach__________________________________________________________173 Federal Expertise is Necessary______________________________________________________________174 A Centralized Approach at the Federal Level is Key______________________________________________175 Federal Action Promotes Multi-actor Solvency_________________________________________________176 The Plan is Key to the US Economy___________________________________________________________177 The Plan Solves Economic Growth___________________________________________________________178 The Economy Risks Collapse Now____________________________________________________________179 New Spending is Key to the Economy_________________________________________________________180 The Manufacturing Industry is Important______________________________________________________181 Economic Collapse Breeds Conflict___________________________________________________________182 Economic Collapse Hurts the Environment_____________________________________________________183 The Plan is key to Environmental Sustainability_________________________________________________184 The Plan Solves Drinking Water_____________________________________________________________185 The Plan Solves Air Pollution________________________________________________________________186 The Plan Solves Non-Point Pollution__________________________________________________________187 Biodiversity is Important for Life on Earth_____________________________________________________188 Global Temperatures are Increasing__________________________________________________________189 Global Warming is Anthropogenic___________________________________________________________190 The Technology for the Plan is Proven______________...
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  • Fall '16
  • Hillnick
  • Federal government of the United States, west coast

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