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vis21 final review

vis21 final review - 1 discuss wayfinding Include technical...

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1. discuss wayfinding. Include technical, historical, and contemporary aspects Polynesia- 17 th –20 th century. wayfinding is the polynesian art of guiding a canoe along long distances using only natural signs. Historical aspect: before the Europeans invaders came and took over the island, wayfinding was a way of life for the people, and it was the only way for the people to get around. Tools and instruments were never used, and it is thought that relying on the natural signs was the only way to really get in touch with nature. The technique of wayfinding would always be passed down from one generation to the next because otherwise it would be lost. When the Europeans came, the people were trapped and not allowed to leave the island alone and became prisioners in their own home. These people then had to rely on the western ships to travel and as a result, the techniques and traditions of wayfinding was lost. Captain cook was introduced to the art of wayfinding on his first voyage in 1768 by a Tahiti guide Tupia. Using the techniques of wayfinding, Tupia could point to the Tahiti island from anywhere out in the ocean. Technical : the construction of the canoe used for wayfinding was always a group effort and included everyone in the community. The whole community helped build the ship that would spend weeks on the water, and only the best wayfinders were allowed to go out to sea, as survival depended on the people’s knowledge of the sea. Contemporary : in the mid 20 th century, people wanted to rebuild and revive the practice of wayfinding, but the tradition had been lost for so long that people had already forgotten the art. However, there was one master navigator from Polynesia who still remembered the art- “Mau Piailug”. Thus the first major navigational star was built called “Hokulea”, made with a traditional design but modern materials. Lead by Mau Piailug, the voyage was successful, so a second canoe was built called “Hawaii Loa”, this time with both a traditional design and materials. The Polynesians has one of the most accomplished sea navigation in the world even though they do not use modern instruments. 2. discuss history of western perceptions of pacific islands- with a chronological approach. Pacific islands- 16 th -20 th century. During the early period (1521-1767) when the westerners first came to the islands, they were viewed as “noble savages”, fueled by the French philosophers who were opposed to the over-industrialization in Europe. Looking at the seemingly primitive life of the native islanders, they were seen as the “children of nature”, innocent and uncontaminated by the strains of civilization. The westerners thought that these people lived in jungles and forest, with no connection to the civilized world outside the island. With the first voyagers came the romantic period, when the pacific islands were seen as a beautiful paradise,
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full of harmony, free love, and the garden of eden. According to the sailors, all was very naïve and not tainted with sin. However, these foreigners saw only what
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vis21 final review - 1 discuss wayfinding Include technical...

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