lecture 4-10-07

lecture 4-10-07 - AUGUSTUS AND THE MAKING OF THE ROMAN...

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AUGUSTUS AND THE MAKING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE - after alex and the Hellenistic world- the world that he built o greek culture, adopted by all that came in. o importance of cities—alex built cities everywhere he went o the impact on the jews- they adopted the greek culture, some resisted o and finally the coming of Rome o cultural identity- image 1 and 2 1: a woman with hair tied back into the bun, with a band. A greek queen. 2: a Egyptian queen, with the pose and clothing Actually the same person: Cleopatra- they have been dominated by the greek culture. The last queen of Egypt. ROME - the expansion/republic o how did expansion impact roman state? - the augustan achievement o augustus- built the roman empire - roman victory in east destroyed republic - roman provinces- how did they work/govern? - Time: 100bce- 50cd Domination of west- ruled the peninsula - bring in other cities as partner in roman rule- alliances hundreds of thousands of soldiers under the roman control - after unite italy, fight 3 major wars - 1. carthage- one western power that can challenge roman power. o But rome destroyed carthage in 3 punic war o By 2 century bc, no other rivals - but while roman in struggle for power, foreign power gets involved. Threatened. So Rome invade in concern for national security o hannibul- flee south Africa - they also get appeals from other countries. o Greece- against the Macedonians o Eygpt- against selucides. o The move east, goble all As the romans return home - bring greek culture. o Art, lit, philosophy - “Greece having been conquered, conquered the wild conquerer” o The romans seduced by greek culture. o Roman art/lit copied by greek life o All later roman thought/life influenced by the greeks - language- educated only if you speak greek as well as latin - patrons of greek lit- romans fund greeks to write o ex; polybius, who wrote history of rome. But he was greek - but some romans resisted the adoption- give up ourselves
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o Cato the Elder (died 149 bc) o Epitome of real roman o Despised the “greeklings” tried to kick out all greek life, officials, from his role in the senate o Concerned with the practicality of things o Challenged by writing history of rome in latin But even that is inspired from the greeks
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course MMW 3 taught by Professor Chamberlain during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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lecture 4-10-07 - AUGUSTUS AND THE MAKING OF THE ROMAN...

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