{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

lecture 5-15-07

lecture 5-15-07 - FINDING ORDER IN SW ASIA AND BEYOND THE...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
FINDING ORDER IN SW ASIA AND BEYOND- THE RISE OF ISLAM Last time- rise of muslam tradition. Sunni- the majority of the muslim world. Still there today. Also other traditions - shi’ites- the dominant group in iran and iraq. Through mmw3, iran not shi’ite - sufi- the smallest in terms of numbers. Islam- - qur’an. The revelations come from god through angels to Muhammad to the world o not something new- not new message/revelation from god. o God correcting the message that had been corrupted. o Think the jewish.christian scriptures are the corrupted version of god’s words. Muhammad - each time after the battle, the jews are kicked out o signify tension between jews and islam? NO o they only kicked out because they are not part of UMA- the community of medina. Has nothing to do with their tradition o but why third massacred? The last jewish clan betrayed the cause. They chose to not defend the community. That’s the reason for their punishment. Not question of anti-senitism. The idea didn’t exist. It’s a question of loyalty Women- - clothing- hijab. Fully covering the woman - challenge to the scriptures- what does this mean? Can one be muslim if unveiled? Leadership - Muhammad head of the umma. Above the tribal decisions - When he dies, has no sons. Who will guide community? He created unity between hijab, o Decide they need a leader- Khalifa. He is not a prophet. The prophecy end with Muhammad o Will guide by the revelations/memories of Muhammad. The first 4 khalifs all personally knew Muhammad. Arab Empire - overwhelm the Persian/Byzantine empire. - Move across n. Africa into spain. - Become military caste of the empire. Highest group/military elite. But they have a concern o Arabs who are conquering are Bedouin. o Bedouin (like to raid) come in. they farm, so will bring in animals to disrupt settled societies. o So he khalids create garrison towns. (iraq, kun, etc)- where the Bedouin have to live and stay. Separate the population from the Bedouin.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o They are not trying to convert the ppl, or unifying. (qur’an in right hand, sword in left) o The arabs are the minority. They will leave the garrison towns when needed.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}