MMW 3 midterm study guide (completed)

MMW 3 midterm study guide (completed) - Lec 1.2 April 5...

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Lec 1.2. April 5: Searching for Order in Southwest Asia Reading: “Perceptions of Judaism” -? Philo of Alexandria (50 CE) -Used Greek ideas (logos and reason) to explain the Hebrew scripture -shows effort to join Hellenized ideas and Jewish faith 1Maccabees 1-3:31, 4:34-61, 6-8, 10, 13-14, -1 Maccabees takes place in the mid 100s BCE, and is about the revolt against Seleucid rule in Judea, lead by Judas Maccabeus and his brothers. The upper class of Jerusalem (called the Hellenizers) adopt Greek ways (as a result of Alexander the Great), while the poor class keeps the customs of their ancestors. The Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV tries to eradicate Jewish identity by plundering the Temple and outlaws religious practices. This sparks the first Jewish war and the onset of martyrdom. Jews are forbidden from making daily offerings to the Temple, keeping Sabbath, circumcision, and are required to make sacrifices to other gods. Those who obeyed the Torah and not the king were killed. Maccabeus mounts a campaign of armed resistance against both Seleucids and the Hellenizers, involving guerrilla warfare and diplomacy, and eventually, recover the Temple, fortify Jerusalem, and obtain independence for Judea. -1 Maccabees is written between 134 -67 CE. It is originally written in Hebrew. -A quote: “Do not fear the words of sinners, for their splendor will turn into dung and worms. \ Today they will be exalted, but tomorrow they will not be found, because they will have turned to the dust, and their plants will have perished,” 1 Maccabees 2.62 2 Maccabees 5-8:8 - 2 Maccabees takes place from 168 – 164 BCE, and is about the Maccabean Revolt. It details the religious persecution of the Jews under Antiochus Epiphanes during this time period. It also focuses on the fate of the Temple in Jerusalem. In this chapter, Antiochus IV goes to Jerusalem to repress civil unrest. He occupies the city to eliminate Jewish religious traditions and to force assimilation of Greek ways. This chapter also includes the story of he old man Eleazar, who dies rather than eating pork and the story of the mother and her seven sons, who choose death over Antiochus’ temptations. The main message of 2 Maccabees is that God hears the prayers of the faithful. - 2 Maccabees was written between 124 and 63 CE in Greek. -A quote in chapter 7; a mother tells her youngest son to accept death instead of accepting Antiochus’ temptations: “My son, have pity on me. I carried you nine months in my womb, and nursed you for three years, and have reared you and brought you up to this point in your life, and have taken care of you. I beg you, my child, to look at the heaven and the earth and see everything that is in them, and recognize that God did not make them out of things that existed. And in the same way the human race came into being. Do not fear this butcher, but prove worthy of your brothers. Accept death, so that in God’s mercy I may get you back again along with your brothers,”
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course MMW 3 taught by Professor Chamberlain during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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MMW 3 midterm study guide (completed) - Lec 1.2 April 5...

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