IMPACT OF PARTICIPATION BY NON-GOVERNMENTAL ACTORS IN THE INDIAN PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM Research Proposal September 1, 2015 Updated March 10, 2016Jayamalathy Sadagopan [email protected]Abstract Non-Governmental organizations have been engaging with Government-run schools in India since the late 1970s. Several State Governments have encouraged their initiatives to reform pedagogical practices and to improve quality of education in these schools. Our study aims to ascertain the degree of success of such engagements in improving student learning outcomes.
2 TABLE OF CONTENTSSECTION TITLE PAGE NUMBER EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 1. OBJECTIVE 11 2. SCOPE 11 3. BACKGROUND 12 4. ELEMENTS OF INDIAN EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND RESEARCH 4.1 Access to schooling 13 4.2 Learning Outcomes 14 4.3 Factors influencing school participation and learning outcomes 18 4.4 Alternative approaches to “Quality Education for All”27 5. NGO PARTICIPATION IN THE INDIAN PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM 42 6. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 63 7. THE MODEL 64 8. EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION 8.1 Methodology 69 8.2 Description of variables/factors 72 8.3 Data Availability 78 8.4 Sampling 83 9. NEXT STEPS 86 LIST OF REFERENCES 87 APPENDIX I Indian Education Policy and Legislation –A Temporal Map93 APPENDIX II International Trends in assessment Technology and their level of adoption in Indian large scale educational surveys98 APPENDIX III Randomized Controlled Trials in Development Economics –A Critical Review 107
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Title of the project: Impact of participation of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) in the Indian Public1School System. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of engagement of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) with the Indian public schooling system, with a focus on the elementary level of education. Scope: The current study will focus on NGO participation in the Government school system in the State of Karnataka, at the primary level- Grades I to V. Participation could be through contribution of pedagogical/non-pedagogical inputs, at various administrative levels, viz., district/block/cluster/school levels. The duration of the study is three years, expandable to five years, allowing for a panel-based analysis. Background and need for the project: NGOs have been engaging with the Indian public schooling system for the past two to three decades, to effect reforms in order to improve the quality of education imparted to children, and according to anecdotal evidence, some of them have had visible impact on learning standards and outcomes. In the past, there have been case studies of NGO contributions to the public school system across the country; there have also been internal and independent impact studies of NGO programs either at the instance of the NGOs themselves or their donors. However, there is a need to study the effects of diverse engagements sector-wide on overall student learning outcomes and their long term impact on the quality of the public school system.