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Ocd Paper - Devin Seese Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in...

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Devin Seese Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents Obsessive Compulsive Disorder isn’t very common but is one of the most life altering disorders. It is estimated that only two to three percent of the population has Obsessive Compulsive disorder, and that percentage is even lower in cases of children and adolescents (anxietycare.org). Through the examination of three case studies, the families’ backgrounds, and the adolescents’ obsessions and compulsions, the life-altering affects on both the adolescent with OCD and on the family as a whole will be exposed. The first documented study is from Childhood Obsessive Compulsive Disorder by Greta Francis and Rod A. Gragg. This study focuses on a ten-year-old girl named Lynne. Overall, Lynne is an average fifth grade student- she receives above average grades, participates in multiple extracurricular activities, and is liked by her classmates. She begins to obsess over germs and the idea of contamination. Obsessions are persistent, intense, senseless, worrisome, and often repugnant ideas, thoughts, images, or impulses that involuntarily invade consciousness. The automatic nature of these recurrent thoughts makes them difficult for the individual to ignore or restrain successfully. Furthermore, there is a strong emotional component that affects frequency and intensity. (Doctor, Kahn) Lynne’s obsession with contamination transforms her into something she isn’t and changes her overall day to day life. The second study focuses on a fifteen-year-old boy named Bernie. Similar to Lynne, Bernie does well in school. He produces high marks on his schoolwork and participates in the honors program. Bernie is a part of team sports and is popular with the other students. Bernie’s OCD slowly advances and becomes very serious. He
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frequently experiences obsessions of dying if he does not perform certain rituals to apologize to God for a broken promise. Bernie also takes part in a wide variety of rituals in which he performs repeatedly until they feel just right (Francis, Gragg 55-65). The third case study reviews the obsessions and compulsions of a ten-year-old boy named Callum. Compulsions are described as repetitive and seemingly purposeful acts that result from the obsessions. The individual performs certain acts according to certain rules or in a stereotyped way in order to prevent or avoid aversive sequences. While the individual may recognize the senselessness of the behavior and does not derive pleasure from carrying out the activity, doing so may provide a release from tension (Doctor, Kahn). Callum obsesses over the need to feel safe and suffers from the compulsive action of locking and re-locking doors and gates until he feels safe. Over time, he also begins to develop bodily tics that control his body and cause him to tic uncontrollably. These symptoms heavily affect him and his family. In these three cases, family plays a major role in the childrens’ disorders.
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