Fair Housing Act Violations Paper

Fair Housing Act Violations Paper - Bradley Owens HADM487...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Bradley Owens HADM487 – Optional Paper Fair Housing Act Issues/Violations History and Progression of Fair Housing Prior to the Civil Rights Movement, housing market discrimination was common and blatant, particularly against African Americans but Jews and other minority groups experienced similar discrimination also. Focusing on African Americans, several institutionalized barriers inhibited this group of people from residential mobility, including racially restrictive covenants among white property owners, biased lending practices of banks and government institutions, strong social norms against selling or renting property to blacks outside established black neighborhoods, and harassment of blacks seeking residence in otherwise white neighborhoods. The Civil Rights Act of 1866, guaranteed property rights to all citizens regardless of race, granting rights to freed slaves after the Civil War. This act was the Republicans' counterattack against the Black Codes in the South. Included in these were the rights to: make contracts, sue, witness in court, and own private property. The act declared that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition, excluding Indians not taxed. As citizens they could make and enforce contracts, sue and be sued, give evidence in court, and inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property. Unfortunately, the nation's commitment to civil rights deteriorated quickly and the Act's guarantee of equal rights to all citizens turned out to be an empty promise. A far-reaching consequence of this act is that since 1866 it has been illegal to discriminate in housing based on the race of the individuals involved. Federal solutions were not provided for, however, and remedies were left to the 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bradley Owens HADM487 – Optional Paper Fair Housing Act Issues/Violations individuals involved. Because those being discriminated against had limited access to legal help, this left many victims of discrimination without recourse. Even further, courts only prohibited racial discrimination with regard to governmental discrimination, such as racial zoning or the court enforcement of racially restrictive covenants governing real property. Thus, the 1866 Act was ineffective in combating the powerful institution of private discrimination. An attempt to resolve the substantial flaw in the Act came nearly one century later. In 1962, President Kennedy signed an executive order entitled "Equal Opportunity in Housing" which prohibited discrimination in housing owned, operated or assisted by the federal government. The order required federal agencies to take action to prevent discrimination based upon race, color, creed or national origin. The Act had significant impact in the Civil Rights Movement, in that it added fuel to racial tension as more blacks began seeking housing in new areas. In fact, shortly after the signing of the Kennedy legislation passed, in the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/25/2008 for the course H ADM 487 taught by Professor Aklausner during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

Page1 / 9

Fair Housing Act Violations Paper - Bradley Owens HADM487...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online