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chapter 15, 16 learning objectives

chapter 15, 16 learning objectives - Learning Objectives...

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Learning Objectives Chapters 15, 16 1.American Psychiatric Association’s definition of abnormal behavior- any behavior that leads to distress (including distress to others), disability (impaired functioning), or an increased risk of death, pain, or loss of freedom 2.Biopsychosocial Model- abnormal behavior has three major aspects- biological, psychological, and sociological. Biological- includes genetic factors (can lead to abnormal brain development, excesses or deficiencies in the activity of various neurotransmitters or hormones) Behavior can also be affected by brain damage, infections disease, brain tumors, poor nutrition, inadequate sleep, and the overuse of drugs, including non prescription medications Psychological- includes a person’s vulnerability to stressful events. Ex: people that were sexually abused in their childhood are more likely to develop psychological problems in adulthood Sociological- people are greatly influenced by how other people act toward them and what people expect of them. Many people with strange behavior have disordered families or social networks. 3.What is the DSM-IV Manual that lists that acceptable labels for all psychological disorders- alcohol intoxication, exhibitionism, pathological gambling, anorexia, sleepwalking, stuttering etc. 4.five dimensions(axes) of the DSM Axes I disorders- most have their onset during infancy and represent in some way a deterioration of functioning. Most common- anxiety disorders, substance-abuse disorders, depression. ADD and ADHD Axes II- mental retardation and personality disorders. Difference between axes one and axes two it that axes II disorders tend to be lifelong where as axes I represent a deterioration of functioning. Axes II disorders are generally less spectacular and less likely to be the main reason someone came to the therapist (that is why they are distinguished in this manner, so the therapist can accurately diagnose the patient) Axes III- general medical conditions- lists physical disorders such as diabetes, head trauma, or cirrhosis. Psychiatrist does not provide treatment for Axess III disorders but need to know about them because they can influence behavior.
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Axes IV- psychosocial and environmental problems- indicates how much stress the person has had to endure. Stress can intensifya psychological disorder. Axes V- global assessment of functioning- evaluates a person’s overall level of functioning on a scale of 1 (serious attempt at suicide or complete inability to take care of oneself) to 100 (happy, productive, with many interests) 5.what are the symptoms, lab abnormalities, causes and treatment of ADD/ADHD.. Why is ADD.ADHD considered and axis I disorder? ADD- easy distraction from important tasks, impulsiveness, moodiness, and failure to follow through on plans ADHD- is the same except with excessive activity and “fidgetiness” The average person with ADD or ADHD have some minor abnormalities on brain scans, but no therapist relies on those to make the diagnosis The causes are not known. Researchers have tentatively linked several genes to
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