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Chapter 6 Learning Objectives

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives - Chapter 6 Learning...

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Chapter 6 Learning Objectives 1. Determinism. Behaviorists assume that we live in a universe of cause in effect (determinism). Behaviorists believe that such statements explain nothing: why did she yell at the man? She yelled because she was angry. How do you know she was angry? We know she was angry because she was yelling. (circle reasoning) Behaviorists believe in outcomes. If you eat your carrots that will produce one kind of outcome, insulting you roommate has another. The outcome determines how often the behavior will occur in the future. In effect our environment selects successful behaviors, much as evolution selects successful animals. 2. Because it can lead into circle reasoning and some statements may be made by people that lead to a inference needing to be made. 3. J.B. Watson was one of the founders of behaviorism and said “give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select- doctor, lawyer, artist, beggar man. 4. Pavlov- won noble prize for work done on digestion. He created Classical Conditioning- the process by which an organism learns a new association between two paired stimuli—a neutral stimulus and one that already evokes a reflexive response. He later used classical conditioning and discovered conditioned reflex/ response. He used dogs, food and a metronome. Law of contiguity- When two things commonly occur together, the appearance of one will bring the other to mind. 5. Unconditioned stimulus (US)- an event that consistently, automatically elicits and unconditioned response.
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