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Chapter 11 Learning Objectives

Chapter 11 Learning Objectives - Chapter 11 Learning...

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Chapter 11 Learning Objectives 1. Motivation- the process that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome. a. Eating and drinking is more reinforcing at some times than others; thus, we say that motivation for them has increased or decreased. 2. Optimum Arousal Theory- People will be motivated to create or maintain a level of comfort that is comfortable for the individual. a. Depends on the person i. Extraverts engage in riskier behaviors, enjoy stimulation. ii. The more stimulation you need, the riskier you become. Homeostatic Theory- We seek maintaining an internal balance. When cold, seek warmth When hungry, seek food. Motive to seek pleasure and avoid pain. Problem with this theory- people do things that are painful-(drug abuse) 3. intrinsic motivation- a motivation to do an act for its own sake. a. Working hard because it is enjoyable Extrinsic motivation- is based on the reinforcements and punishments that the act might bring.
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