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Chapter 13 Learning Objectives

Chapter 13 Learning Objectives - Chapter 13 Personality...

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Chapter 13- Personality Learning Objectives 1. Personality (Kteuger)- Distinctive, characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior that uniquely define an individual. Personality (Kalat)- consists of all the consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others, especially in social situations. A personality is distinctive when it is unique to the person and consistent means that it doesn’t change drastically over a period of time. 2. Nomathetic approach to personality- Study personality compared to other people. a. Everyone has a certain trait to some degree b. Limited subset of traits c. Only differ in amount d. Are my descriptors I picked similar to others. Idiographic approach to personality- unique constellation of unique attributes. Cannot compare across people Focus on the individual 3. Hobbs- Government is required for protection, humans are selfish. Humans are by nature selfish. It is “nasty, brutish, and short.” If we are going to protect ourselves from one another, the government must restrain us. Rousseau- Government is a corrupting influence, Humans are good. People are naturally good and that governments are the problem, not the solution. 4. Self-report personality inventory- A personality inventory in which a person is asked which of a list of traits and characteristics describe her or him or to indicate which behaviors and hypothetical choices he or she would make 5. Projective personality test- are designed to encourage people to project their personality characteristics onto ambiguous stimuli. The patients are projecting their personality through the stories of someone else. ? FREUD< ROGERS< SKINNER 6. Rorschach Inkblots- a projective technique based on peoples interpretations of ten ambiguous inkblots. Patients view inkblots and interpreted them. Sometimes their answers are revealing right away and other times it takes longer.
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Thematic Apperception Test- a person is shown a picture (something real) and is asked to make up a story for each picture, describing what is happening, what events led up to the scene, and what will happen in the future.
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