[5] Feb 11 - Capitalism, Gay Identity & Community - SOC395 GENDER AND SEXUALITY Lecture 5 Capitalism Gay Identity Community Readings DEmilio John

[5] Feb 11 - Capitalism, Gay Identity & Community - SOC395...

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SOC395 – GENDER AND SEXUALITY February 11, 2016 Lecture 5: Capitalism, Gay Identity & Community - Readings: - D’Emilio, John. 1983. “Capitalism and Gay Identity”. In H. Abelove, M. Barale and David Halperin, The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. - Bereket, Tarik and Barry Adam. 2006. “The Emergence of Gay Identity in Contemporary Turkey”. Sexualities 9, 2: 131-151 Capitalism and Gay Identity – D’Emilio - 17 th Century Economies – Mostly North America o Agrarian household economy Interdependent unit of production for the survival More children -> more help on the farm Fertility rates were high Inflexible and well-defined sex and gender roles Women processed household products Men managed, cared for the crops o No space for a lesbian lifestyle or identity Bound to heterosexual marriage and reproduction - 19 th Century North America o Merchant capitalism Individual wage labour Can live alone because it just depends on your own wage Individualization People leaving farms going to the big cities to look for employment o Sexuality becomes decoupled from reproduction No longer needed children to help with the farm o Pre-gay networks

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