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SOC395 – GENDER AND SEXUALITYFebruary 11, 2016Lecture 5: Capitalism, Gay Identity & Community-Readings:-D’Emilio, John. 1983. “Capitalism and Gay Identity”. In H. Abelove, M. Barale and David Halperin, The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader.-Bereket, Tarik and Barry Adam. 2006. “The Emergence of Gay Identity in Contemporary Turkey”. Sexualities 9, 2: 131-151Capitalism and Gay Identity– D’Emilio-17thCentury Economies – Mostly North AmericaoAgrarian household economyInterdependent unit of production for the survivalMore children -> more help on the farmFertility rates were highInflexible and well-defined sex and gender rolesWomen processed household productsMen managed, cared for the cropsoNo space for a lesbian lifestyle or identityBound to heterosexual marriage and reproduction-19thCentury North AmericaoMerchant capitalismIndividual wage labourCan live alone because it just depends on your own wageIndividualizationPeople leaving farms going to the big cities to look for employmentoSexuality becomes decoupled from reproductionNo longer needed children to help with the farmoPre-gay networks