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SOC395 – GENDER AND SEXUALITYJanuary 21, 2016Lecture 2:SexologyBased on ideologies; reflects on class, race, cultural background on its researchers-Katz, Jonathan Ned. 2007. The Invention of Heterosexuality.(Ch. 2, 4)Heterosexual-1892 - First use of the term by James Kiernan-Meant sexual attraction between men and womenoSexual attraction for woman was a man’s desire and the other way aroundoNo role for pleasure for sexual practice Reproductive aimoMark of normalityoWhen the acts of sexuality veered from reproductivity; abnormality raised-1893 – Krafft EbingoHetero-sexual as opposite sex lovePleasure in sexualityAs long as heterosexual was procreative; unconscious intention to reproduce (pg 21)Tight coupling of sexual orientation with gender rolesDegradation of homosexuality; heterosexuality superior, more evolved, mature-FreudoPleasure principleo“heterosexuals were made not born”Prior to Freud’s writings, heterosexuality was assumed; a property of the human race