Chapter 14 Learning Objectives

Chapter 14 Learning Objectives - Chapter 14 Learning...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 14 Learning Objectives Social Psychology 1) Social perception and cognition- are the processes we use to gather and remember information about others and to make inferences from that information. It influences out observations, memory, and thinking. Primacy effect- the first information we learn about someone influences us more than later information does. Self- fulfilling prophecies- expectations that change one’s own behavior in such a way as to increase the probability of the predicted event. 2) actor-observer- People are more likely to make internal attributions for other peoples behavior and more likely to make external attributions for their own. Self-serving bias- attributions that we adopt to maximize out failure ex: you blame yourself for good grades (internal attribution), blame a unfair test for your bad grades (external) Self- handicapping- people intentionally put themselves at a disadvantage to provide an excuse for a possible failure. 3) difference between automatic and controlled processes in social cognition? 4) consensus information- (how the person’s behavior compares with others behavior. If someone behaves in a way that you imagine others would behave in the same situation-you are making a external attribution. If the persons behavior seems unusual, you make an internal attribution that could be very untrue of the person, Consistency information- (how the person’s behavior varies from one time to the next) If someone almost always seems friendly, you would make an internal attribution (“a friendly person”) If someone’s friendliness varies, you look for an external attribution, such as an event that elicited a good or bad mood. Distinctiveness- (how the person’s behavior varies from one situation to another.) If my friend is pleasant to most people but consistently unfriendly to one particular person, you assume that person has done something to irritate your friend(external attribution.) 5) stereotype- generalized belief or expectation about a group of people. 6) prejudice- unfavorable attitude toward a group of people. Discrimination- unequal treatment of different groups.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
7) aversion racism vs. old school racism. Old school- decades ago many Americans admitted their prejudices and discriminated openly. Aversion/modern racism- people consciously express the idea that all people are equal, but nevertheless harbor negative feelings or unintentionally discriminate. 8)Robbers Cave study- group of boys at a summer camp. Instilled prejudice into
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSY 1101 taught by Professor Unknwn during the Winter '08 term at Minnesota.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 14 Learning Objectives - Chapter 14 Learning...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online