Sociology 205 Test 1 Review - Sociology 205 Test 1 Review Unit 1 What is Sociology Founding Fathers o Durkheim Functionalism Solidarity Trust Organic

Sociology 205 Test 1 Review - Sociology 205 Test 1 Review...

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Sociology 205 Test 1 Review Unit 1: What is Sociology? Founding Fathers o Durkheim: Functionalism Solidarity: Trust Organic solidarity: Interdependence of society’s different parts and shared values The first modern sociologist Study of suicide: during times of rapid social change suicides Argued that sociological understanding would create a more egalitarian, peaceful society, in which people could realize their full potential. o Marx: 1864-1920 Conflict Approach Capitalism: conflict between capitalist & workers Conflict will bring social change Predicted that industrialization would make life increasingly tolerable for everyone. Believed industrialization would bring about a utopia of equality and genuine freedom for all. o Weber: Religion & Social Change Conflict Approach
Rationalization of society Social, economic, and cultural life was becoming organized according to principles of efficiency. Bureaucracy: A new, rational form of social organization Rationalization & Secularization Expansion of science led to “disenchantment” Mills & Sociological Imagination o Berger: o Debunking: to verify or prove false Developing a Sociological Perspective o Sociological Imagination o

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