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pg3 - paths to different gateway routers RIP – Routing...

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o DV algorithm can converge very slowly and have routing loops.  o DV algorithm can be affected more by false link states because it advertises to all neighbors  its distance vector. o LS is more robust because each node only computes its own routing table or least cost path. Internet Routing Autonomous systems – groups of routers that have their own intra-AS routing protocol. Different AS’s can have different intra-AS routing protocols. Each AS has one or more gateway routers which are responsible for forwarding the packets outside the  AS network. Hot Potato Routing – if AS1 learns from AS2 via inter-AS routing protocol that subnet x is reachable  via AS3 through multiple gateway routers than AS1 forwards its packet to AS2 which will forward  the packet to AS3.  AS3 can propagate the info to all intra-AS routers. The min least cost path will be chosen among the 
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Unformatted text preview: paths to different gateway routers. RIP – Routing Information Protocol • Uses hop count as the counting metric. Shortest path consists of least number of hops from a router to a destination subnet. • Each link has a value of one. • Distance Vector type algorithm • Usually used in lower tier ISPs. OSPF – Open Shortest Path First • Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm. • Broadcast’s link state to all routers within an AS. • Multiple shortest paths can be used to send a load of data if they are equal in value. • Hierarchal Routing is possible using areas which contain their own OSPF routing algorithm. Area border routers are responsible for forwarding data outside of own area. Backbone area runs an inter-OSPF protocol to move data between OSPF areas. • Boundary Router performs BGP to communicated with outside AS routers....
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