Malebranch1 - a representation of it and the necessary and...

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1. Malebranche a. God is the only true cause. i. Because God is the only true cause, all other causes are just occasional causes. ii. Occasional cause does not bring about a change in something. iii. Cause is something divine. b. TCP i. A true cause as I understand it is one such that the mind perceives a necessary connection between it and its effects. 1. Total cause vs. ancillary conditions 2. 3. c. God satisfies TCP i. Argument 1: 1. God satisfied TCP because if God wills it, it must follow ii. Argument 2: 1. No power in found in the essence of matter. We have no causal power. We are aware of volitions and their results, but one does no necessitate the other. iii. Argument 3: 1. The intellect determines the causation of the will. For something to exist, we require
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Unformatted text preview: a representation of it and the necessary and sufficient conditions for it to exist. Because we lack the representation, we lack the will to bring it about iv. Argument 4: 1. God’s causal power is needed for conserving the world 2. If not, the world exists of itself and God is incapable of destroying it 3. Because God wills it, it must exist in a particular state 4. Finite causes therefore cannot act. d. God does not act through will, but efficacious divine volitions. e. Malebranche’s Problem i. If we depend completely on God, we do not have free will. With no free will, God must be responsible for our sins. 1. Difference between God determining the motion of an object and God determining the motion of the human will. 2. The soul can direct the will in any direction that pleases it, therefore causing sin....
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