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Tiffany LiuProfessor CruzHistory 10-2:15PM-3:35PM30 May 2013History 10: Final Terms/Concepts-Part 1Knights of St. Crispinwas an American labor union of shoeworkers in the Northeast.Founded in 1867 it claimed 50,000 members by 1870. However, it was poorly organized and soon declined. They fought violations of machinery and unskilled laboron independence of skilled shoeworkers. One establishment in the Crispin constitution openly pursued to limit the entry of "green hands" into the trade, but that failed because the new machines could be operated by semi-skilled workers and produces more shoes than hand sewing.The crisis of 1873 brought its decline, and internal dissension within a few years led to its extinction.Green hands- a term for an inexperienced crew member of a 19th-century whaler on his first voyage, and who would typically have the smallest share in the profits.(Takaki ch. 6 page 140 and Class lecture on 4/2/13 and online source: )Upton Sinclair was a famous novelist and social crusader from California, who pioneered the kind of journalism known as "muckraking." His best-known novel was "The Jungle" which was an expose of the terrible and unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry. "The Jungle" was influential in obtaining passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act.Muckraker-A term to reform-minded journalists who wrote largely for popular magazines, continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting, and emerged in the United States after 1900 and continued to be influential until World War I.