history notes 3.25.2008

history notes 3.25.2008 - Changes in U.S. foreign Policy...

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Changes in U.S. foreign Policy and Origins of Cold War I. Why America’s role in the world changes II. Planning for a post-war world III. What is cold War? IV. Origins of Cold war in Eastern Europe a. Tensions b. Containment Doctrine i. Developed ii. Acted Upon iii. Greek Civil War iv. Marshall Plan v. Berlin Airlift V. Alliance and Rearmament a. NATO b. Beginnings of Rearmament c. Major Events in 1949
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Notes: World War 2 dramatically changes the U.S. role in the world o Wilson originally wanted to be involved with the world following WW1 o Almost happened again Army cut down 13 million to 600,000 Republicans in congress wanted to become isolationist 4 reasons why we didn’t Spreading Democracy a success o Japan Economic opportunities o Markets abroad helped get U.S. out of Great Depression Strategic Interest o WW2 – Atlantic and Pacific Oceans defense o Aircraft Carriers and Strategic Missiles obliterate ocean defense We want military bases outside U.S. Munich Analogy o Chamberlain trying to appease Hitler Lesson: You cannot appease dictatorships. They only understand force. These 4 reasons help shape the way the U.S. reacts to future events This is why the Cold War happens Why does the Cold War Happen o Happens right after WW2 and goes into the late 1980’s
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o Why cold – no fighting o Between Soviet Union and U.S. o U.S. supports countries that are being attacked by countries helped by Soviet Union Geopolitics – global confrontation between the only two superpowers Many people expected a war to happen – nuclear war Ideological conflict – Capitalism vs. Communism Communism objects private property. Capitialsim is based on private property Both sides want to spread their idealogy to the rest of the world U.S. sees itself as a land of freedom S.U. sees itself on a path of a communist utopia Religious U.S. sees itself as a largely Christian
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2009 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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history notes 3.25.2008 - Changes in U.S. foreign Policy...

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