Historynotes 3.11.2008

Historynotes 3.11.2008 - The New Deal (Cont) Development of...

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The New Deal (Con’t) Development of New Deal o “Second New Deal” (1935) Social Security NLRB o 1936 Election o Roosevelt’s second term “Court Packing Plan” Southern dissent Keynes’ Economic Theory Basic Characteristics of New Deal o New Role for organized labor o Gov. ensuring basic standards o Gov. intervention in economy Overall Significance of New Deal American Entry into World War II Post World War I order falls apart o Background o o Initial US response o Roosevelt’s attitude War in Europe o Outbreak o US response Roosevelt pushes for intervention
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War comes in the pacific
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Notes By 1935 depression still going on, but American public satisfied with Roosevelt’s response o Attacked by Supreme Court o Attacked by rights – being to radical o Attacked by left – not being radical enough Huey P. Long o Roosevelt more concerned with attack from left Parts of second new deal o Social Security Response from criticism from the left Designed to help three groups of people Retirees – put money into while working Unemployment Insurance o Gives state money to pay workers that were laid off for no reason for 6 months Provides payments to single mothers o Has the most criticism Roosevelt saying that the government will provide basic standards of living o National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Deals with organized labor Dramatic changes gov. relations Gov. would send in troops prior (adversarial) Gives unions right to exist
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o Can argue for better wages o Businesses can’t fire someone from being in a union Union membership sky rockets Commerce of Industrial Organization Organized by industry No segregation 3.5 million to 10.5 million 1936 election o Major landslide victory for Roosevelt o Americans apparently happy with this expansion of Federal Government Happy with all of Roosevelt’s plan South Laborers Northern Blacks – traditionally republican This coalition stays together till the 1960’s o Roosevelt is expected to continue doing what he was doing A third new deal Doesn’t happen
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Historynotes 3.11.2008 - The New Deal (Cont) Development of...

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