September_27

September_27 - affects goals and how these goals are...

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Models of Foreign Policy Decision Making Rational choice Individual choice Foreign Policy Decision Making: Rational Choice Theories I Assumption 1) process is rational and predictable Assumption 2) individuals maximize the benefits they receive and minimize costs of any decisions Concepts o Unbounded rationality o Bounded rationality Decision makers should be able to: o State goals o Prioritize amongst goals o Consider alternative policies to achieve goals o Estimate the consequences of policy implements Foreign Policy Decision Making: Rational Choice Theories II Importance of uncertainty and risk in any decisions taken Decisions based on: o Benefit obtained o Uncertainty of achieving your goals o Costs involved in particular form of action Foreign Policy Decision Making: Role of Individual I Decision makers The decisions undertaken depend on 1. Values and beliefs: Highlight what is important to a particular leader
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Unformatted text preview: affects goals and how these goals are pursued Foreign Policy Decision Making: Role of Individual II 2. misperceptions and information screens: misperceptions: leaders must filter and organize information streams, information may be biased information screens: leaders may also use unconscious filters about the world around them, ignoring certain information that does not fit expectations Foreign Policy Decision Making: Role of Individual III 3. emotions: affective biases concerning a particular person or state influence decision makers choices 4. cognitive biases: systematic distortions based on limitations of human brains in making decisions use of cognitive short- cuts minor imaging historical analogies need for cognitive balance: after the fact justification...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2009 for the course POLI 2057 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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September_27 - affects goals and how these goals are...

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