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Unformatted text preview: affects goals and how these goals are pursued Foreign Policy Decision Making: Role of Individual II 2. misperceptions and information screens: misperceptions: leaders must filter and organize information streams, information may be biased information screens: leaders may also use unconscious filters about the world around them, ignoring certain information that does not fit expectations Foreign Policy Decision Making: Role of Individual III 3. emotions: affective biases concerning a particular person or state influence decision makers choices 4. cognitive biases: systematic distortions based on limitations of human brains in making decisions use of cognitive short- cuts • minor imaging • historical analogies need for cognitive balance: after the fact justification...
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- Spring '07
- Decision Making, Bounded rationality, foreign policy decision