Ocean HW 2 - 1. In your own words, define the term Paradigm...

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1. In your own words, define the term ‘Paradigm Shift’, in the context of scientific thinking. a. A paradigm shift is the movement in science from one thought pattern to another using the scientific process. 2. Provide an example of a “Paradigm Shift” that does not relate to deep-sea mapping. a. The transition of biology from a creationist model to evolutionary model. 3. Describe the prevailing paradigm about the geologic origin of the sea floor before the time of Wegener. a. Continental drift was the prevailing belief of the time, it suggested that the continents fit together and fossils of same age were found on shores of different continents. 4. Alfred Wegener a. Anomaly i. He noticed that all of the continents fit together which would have created a supercontinent. b. Explanation i. He suggested that centrifugal force explained the drifting of the planets. Suggested that as the earth spun the heavy continents moved away from the equator. 5. Bruce Heezen and Marie Tharp i. Mapped the ocean floor and found mid ocean ridges and young rock ii. Their findings suggested that the sea floor may be spreading. 6.
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2009 for the course OCEAN 16204 taught by Professor Strickland,richardm. during the Spring '09 term at University of Washington.

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Ocean HW 2 - 1. In your own words, define the term Paradigm...

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