Exam1 - 1 Review SOCY105 Exam#1 1. Social problem: a...

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1 Review SOCY105 Exam#1 1. Social problem: a condition that at least some people in a community view as being undesirable. a. poverty b. inequality c. hunger d. homelessness result from how society operates are not caused by bad people are not abnormal n require change to solve are seen differently by different people are defined differently at different times involve values as well as facts sometimes cannot be solved, as much as we would like are often interrelated solving one sometimes causes a different social problem “A social problem is a social condition that a segment of society views as harmful to members of society and in need of remedy.” (Mooney). a. Public issues: structural sources of problem b. Personal problems: sources of problems reside in the characteristics of individual **Underemployment: structural problem--underpaid, overqualified, need more hours 2. Conflict Theory: theorists-the issue of poverty/crime they see the primary causes as systemic in nature; poverty and underclass as an inevitable outcome of economic system that emphasizes profit. a. Conflict perspective sees conflict as POSITIVE—since it is the source of social change; tend to locate the source of social problems w/in the system rather than individual (System Blame) competition for scarce resources control of resources by a few allows for >accumulation of wealth control of ideology (control-production, dissemination of ideas). 3. Ideology: a belief, value system that seeks to explain/justify human behavior. Dominant ideology (belief system) w/in a society is the ideology of those in power. When one does not share in power support of dominant ideology, the corresponding policies that emerge from it. -False consciousness- individuals, groups supporting policies that is not in their best interest. 4. Reading #1- Sociological imagination: understanding intersection of history and biography. Behaviors/policies/beliefs embedded in larger social structure (culture, norms, values). C. Wright Mills- seeing connections betw. one’s private troubles and public issues created by social, historical patterns and trends. 5. Symbolic Interactionism (micro level): a theoretical perspective based on the assumption that society as the product of everyday interaction of individuals; acknowledges role of macro level structure in shaping our behavior, also takes in account the role of individual in changing structure. a. we must understand a setting from the point of view of ppl who are in it Verstchen (MaxWeber) (Boo Radley’s shoe) b. use of symbolic forms of verbal, non-verbal communication in conveying meaning (Chomsky) c. we become members of society (social beings) as we come to be able to interpret, respond to these interactions (Mead). **Cooley’s Looking glass self:
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Exam1 - 1 Review SOCY105 Exam#1 1. Social problem: a...

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