SOCY105 10/11/05 Stratification- organization by race/class/gender 1. Differentiation- dominant theory--“A” pure- subordinate--not “A”- not pure. 2. Ranking 3. Inconstitutionalization-sex-gender system • Economic constraints (occupational segregation) • Social structure (absence of structures that facilitate equality (2 nd shift hmk; lack of affordable, flexible day care; the work of “caring”) Race/Gender as social constructs • What is imp. is not the biology of these categories but the social meanings that are attracted. • “Sexism and racism” (and other forms of widespread discrimination) embedded in our culture—the “air we breathe” • Sex: determined by biological (genitalia/chromosomal) criteria. • Sex category: categorization is established, maintained by socially required identification (ex: dress)-If ppl are seen as members of relevant category, they are categorized that way.-Sex category is a proxy for sex (but sex and sex category that are not necessarily consistent—transexuals,
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