notes 5 -...

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The shift in perspective that Kant takes in his critical philosophy — a shift that he designated a “Copernican revolution” — not only sharpens the earlier criticisms he had made of the ontological and cosmological arguments for the existence of God. It also leads him to conclude that no theoretical argument, even of the kind he had earlier advocated, can do so. Although there are many aspects to this shift in Kant's thinking, one that is centrally important to his treatment of God and religion is the urgent need he sees for human reason to become self-critical and self-limiting of both its powers and pretensions. A fundamental way in which Kant considers human reason to overreach its powers — and thus in need of self- limitation — is its ineradicable tendency to seek a unification of all theoretical principles into a final, comprehensive and absolute totality. Human reason seeks to move from an apprehension of a series of conditioned phenomena in space and time to the affirmation of a ground for such series that is represented as
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notes 5 -...

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