development - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Development What is Development? ± The age-related physical, intellectual, social and personal changes that occur throughout an individual’s lifetime. What research designs are used in developmental studies? ± Cross-Sectional ± Longitudinal
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Infant Research: The Tools of Investigation ± How can you get inside the head of an infant who doesn’t use language yet? ± Heart rate acceleration = fear ± Heart rate deceleration = interest ± Infants can also suck, look, and make adaptive responses
Background image of page 2
3 Infant Research: The Tools of Investigation ± How do you know what the infant is seeing or hearing? ± Preference technique ± Habituation technique ± Babies generally: ± prefer some stimuli over others ± notice new or different things ± Therefore, researchers can infer what differences babies can detect Preferential Looking
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Infants’ Perceptual Abilities ± At birth or soon after, infants can: ± Tell sour, sweet, salty apart ± Recognize mother’s smell ± Experience pain, soothing touch Infant’s Visual Abilities ± Newborns have poor acuity (vision is blurry, lacks detail) ± Infants can distinguish contrasts, shadows, and edges ± Initially an infant’s visual acuity is optimal at a distance of about 8 inches, their ability to accommodate to different distances develops quickly. ± For first two months, infants also have poor binocular convergence
Background image of page 4
5 Infant’s Visual Abilities: Depth Perception ± ± Infants avoid the deep side as soon as they can crawl ± Infants seem to be born with the ability to perceive depth but experience may be necessary to develop a fear of depth The Visual Cliff Infant’s Auditory Abilities ± Hearing: Can recognize voices within a day or two of birth ± Infants have excellent phoneme perception ± Habituation studies show that infants have better phoneme perception than college students when phonemes are drawn from other languages
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Video Classics ± Infant phoneme perception Cognitive Development: Piaget’s Theory ± Children think, organize the world meaningfully - but differently than adults ± Schema: Mental models used to guide and interpret experiences ± Inaccurate early in childhood ± Become more adult-like throughout childhood Piaget’s Theory: How Schema Change ± Cognitive development consists of mental adaptations to new observations and experiences. ± Adaptation takes two forms: ± Assimilation or absorbing new information into existing cognitive structures. ± Example: Seeing a horse for the first time and classifying it as a
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Hyland during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

Page1 / 17

development - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online