stressandcoping - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

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1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Stress and Coping The Stress Response ± Stress : Physical and psychological reactions to demanding situations ± Stressors : The demanding or threatening situations that produce stress Understanding Stress ± Large individual variation in perceptions of and reactions to stress ± Sequence issues: is stress highest before, during or after an event? ± Measurement issues: should we look at self-report, behavior or physiological response?
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2 Hans Selye: General Adaptation Syndrome ± Involves the body's nonspecific response to stress ± People react to threats in three stages: ± Alarm: “Fight-or-flight” response; body energized ± Resistance: Body adjusts to cope with the threat ± Exhaustion: Energy depleted; body “gives up” ± Still influential, but modern research suggests that cognitive appraisal is important too Physical Consequences of Prolonged Stress ± Immune system response lowered ± Can be measured by counting the number of lymphocytes (white blood cells) ± Affects likelihood of contracting cold / flu viruses ± May affect cancer likelihood as well, but this link is controversial ± Cardiovascular system affected ± Increased blood pressure ± Increased cholesterol levels in the blood
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3 Is personality part of the link between stress and disease? ± Personality and heart disease: (Rosenman and Friedman) ± Type A Personality: Determined to achieve, sense of time urgency, irritable, respond to threat or challenge very quickly, and impatient with obstacles. ± Type B Personality: Calmer and less intense.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Hyland during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

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stressandcoping - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

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