thoughtslanguage - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Cognition Cognitive Processes: Thought and Language ± Concepts and Categorizing ± Reasoning, Solving Problems, and Making Decisions ± Communicating with Others Concept ± Mental category that groups objects, relations, activities, abstractions, or qualities having common properties.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Formal Concepts These are concept members: What is the concept? These are not: Members: One possibility is: “circles and green squares.” Non-members: Prototypes ± A prototype is an especially representative example of a concept. ± A prototypical dog: ± An atypical dog:
Background image of page 2
3 The Hierarchical Structure of Categories ± Most objects can be categorized in several ways ± Example: Monopoly -> “board game,” “game,” “activity” ± How do we organize different categories? ± Basic-level category: Used most often, is most useful and predictive ± Superordinate categories: More general, less descriptive ± Subordinate-level categories: Very specific Reasoning ± The drawing of conclusions or inferences from observations, facts, or assumptions.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Formal Reasoning ± Rigorous steps for reaching valid conclusions. Examples: ± Algorithms: Systematic methods, such as formulas or step-by step procedures, that guarantee a correct solution if used correctly ± Formal rules of logic Algorithms and Logic ± Deductive Reasoning ± A tool of formal logic in which a conclusion necessarily follows from a set of observations or propositions (premises). Informal Reasoning
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Hyland during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

Page1 / 11

thoughtslanguage - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online