personality

personality - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Personality What Is Personality? ± Set of psychological characteristics that differentiates us from others and leads us to act consistently across situations Major Approaches to the Study of Personality ± Psychodynamic ± Trait ± Social-Cognitive ± Humanistic
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Psychodynamic Theories ± Theories that explain behavior and personality in terms of unconscious energy dynamics within the individual Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ± Emphasizes the role of unconscious motives such as sex and aggression ± Emphasizes the importance of the first five years of life in personality development ± Based on his clinical work with a small number of patients ± Based on his belief in the biological and sexual inferiority of women Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ± Mind is divided into three parts: ± Conscious mind contains things that occupy one’s current attention ± Preconscious mind contains things that aren’t currently in consciousness, but can be accessed ± Unconscious mind contains memories, urges, and conflicts that are beyond awareness
Background image of page 2
3 Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ± Views the personality as a “closed energy system” based on psychic energy which he called Libido. The Structure of Personality ± Id: Governed by inborn instinctual drives, especially those related to sex, aggression ± Obeys the pleasure principle (seeking immediate gratification) ± Ego: Induces people to act with reason and deliberation, conform to outside world ± Obeys the reality principle ± Superego: Motivates people to act in an ideal fashion, according to moral customs ± Obeys the idealistic principle (striving for perfection)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Defense Mechanisms ± Different parts of personality are in constant conflict which results in anxiety ± Defense mechanisms ward off the resulting anxiety from these confrontations ± Examples of conflicts ± All defense mechanisms: ± Are unconscious ± Distort reality ± Are adaptive Examples of Defense Mechanisms ± Denial ± Projection ± Reaction formation ± Sublimation Denial ± Refusing to accept that the feeling is present or that the event occurred ± A very primitive mechanism ± Example: preschoolers will convince themselves they didn't do something they wish they hadn't
Background image of page 4
5 Projection ± Attributing one's undesirable traits or actions to others, so they become the problem instead of you ± Example from a failing student: "I'm not worried about me, but I'd hate to see Ellen flunk--she's so fragile" Reaction Formation ± Taking actions opposite to one's feelings in order to deny the reality of the feelings ± Freud thought many people fervently pursuing a cause were using this mechanism to hide their true feelings Sublimation ± The most mature mechanism ± Redirecting anxiety-causing impulses into socially acceptable actions ± Example: Dealing with anxiety over a final by engaging in vigorous physical activity
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Psychosexual Development ± Adult conflicts, memories, urges in unconscious
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 19

personality - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online