socialpsychology - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

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1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Social Psychology Social Psychology ± Studies these topics (as well as many others): ± Social Cognition: ± Person Perception – “How do we form impressions of other people?” ± Interpersonal Attraction – “What makes us like or love certain people?” ± Attribution – “How do we explain our own and other people’s behavior?” ± Social Influence: ± Conformity and Obedience ± Behavior in Groups Social Cognition ± An area in social psychology concerned with social influences on thought, memory, perception, and other cognitive processes. ± Researcher are interested in how people’s perceptions of themselves and others affect: ± Their relationships, thoughts, beliefs and values. ± For example, how physical attractiveness and stereotypes influence our impressions of others
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2 Impression Formation ± Factors that influence impression formation: ± Nonverbal cues ± Sequence of information and the primacy effect ± First impressions are more influential than later ones ± Central traits such as warm/cold Impression Formation ± Schemas in the head of the perceiver can also influence perceptions of others ± Social schemas: General knowledge structure in long-term memory, relating to social experiences or people ± May be used to “categorize” others, guide how we treat them ± Stereotypes are an example of schemas that can influence person perception Stereotypes ± Cognitive schemas or a summary impressions of a group, in which a person believes that all members of the group share a common trait or traits (positive, negative, or neutral). ± Example: Racial and gender stereotypes ± May be activated unconsciously ± Allow us to quickly process new information and retrieve memories. ± Distort reality in 3 ways. ± Exaggerate differences between groups. ± Produce selective perception. ± Underestimate differences within groups.
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3 Stereotypes ± Lead us to expect certain kinds of behavior from members of certain groups ± Self-fulfilling prophecy effect ± Prejudice and discrimination can result
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Hyland during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

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socialpsychology - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology...

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