memory - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Memory Memory...

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1 Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Memory Memory ± Memory: The capacity to preserve and recover information ± Involves several important processes: ± Encoding: How memories are formed ± Storage: How memories are kept over time ± Retrieval: How memories are recovered and translated into performance Processes of Memory Encoding Put into memory Storage Retrieval Recover from memory
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2 Two Types of Retrieval: ± Recall ± The ability to retrieve and reproduce from memory previously learned material. ± Recognition ± The ability to identify previously encountered material. How do we know there is a difference between storage and retrieval? ± The difference between recall and recognition memory performance ± Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon ± The feeling of being on the verge of recalling something ± Often you can say what letter it starts with, or how many syllables it has Two Contrasting Approaches to Memory ± Information Processing Approach ± Reconstructive/Contextual Approach
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3 Characteristics of the Information Processing Approach ± People are active processors of information ± Information is processed through a series of hypothetical stages or stores ± We can look at how much and what kind of information is remembered at each stage Environment Sensing Sensory Memory An Information Processing Model of Memory: Sensory Memory ± Exact replica of an environmental message which usually lasts for a second or less ± Iconic memory (vision) ± Echoic memory (audition) ± High Capacity ± Fast Decay ± Phenomenon of eidetic imagery
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4 Transfer from Sensory to Short-Term Memory ± Selective Attention to novel or important information ± Pattern Recognition ± The identification of a stimulus on the basis of information already contained in long- term memory. ± Information that is not quickly passed to short-term memory is lost forever Environment Sensing Sensory Memory Selective Attention Short Term Memory Lost An Information Processing Model of Memory: Short-term Memory
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memory - Psyc 001 Introduction to Psychology Memory Memory...

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