Final Study Guide - PSYC 4072 AD FINAL STUDY GUIDE Topic...

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PSYC 4072 – AD FINAL STUDY GUIDE 12/09/2015 ° Topic: Relationships ° Chapter 9 ° Marriage, families, parenthood Marriage o A social institution that is legally sanctioned. o Statistics by age 55, 74% of all men and women in the US have been married at least once Important to interpret statistics carefully o Advantages / Disadvantages: Retirement, health insurance, survivor benefits; Greater happiness and higher quality of life o Disadvantages: Fewer financial resources, lower social support, and more complicated legally to terminate a marital relationship o Cohabitation Living together in a stable relationship before marriage or as an alternative to marriage Often precedes marriage (50–60% of married couples lived together). Doesn’t guarantee relationship success Cohabitation effect: the greater likelihood of divorce among couples who cohabitate before marriage A lot before people get married Does not guarantee the success of the relationship
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No evidence that if I can live with them, this marriage with last o Divorce On average, first marriage lasts 8 years Some marriages break-up faster; takes longer to get a divorce with children, establish separate residences for so long Like death, divorce is a sorrowful experience Implications for daily living (housing, finances, family) Important to interpret statistics carefully o Divorce rates are declining since the 1980’s due to: better premarital education people got married b/c that’s what you’re supposed to do today we have more options for people sessions before marriage when you meet with religious officials people are marrying later in life people wait to get married now you’ve had a chance to go to school, get a degree what’s appealing/attractive at 18 is different than 28 or 35; older/wiser More realistic expectations o A lot in common with death, need time to work out everything o Painful, never easy, toxic emotions that hurt your soul o Takes people time to work through it to be whole again on the inside Parents & Adult Children
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o 81% of all middle-aged and elderly adults have living children o Filial maturity Developmental transition where adult children begin to identify with their parents Kick in about 30s Hopefully have a job, house note, car note, husband, kids – have all of this responsibility – this is what your parents use to say to you You understand your parents just a little bit better b/c you are experiencing their same responsibilities & why they did the things they did to protect you Some people fail to reach this; but others don’t & their relationship deepens with their parents here o Filial anxiety Occurs when adult children realize that they may be forced to take on the care of a disabled parent Can provoke anxiety Western phenomena, our culture especially – afraid but forced to take care of disabled parent Ex. Call from police dpt. – she was on the hwy
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