Second Paper 11-28-07

Second Paper 11-28-07 - Gordon Tong PS/Phil 27 Doppelt TA...

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Gordon Tong 11/28/07 PS/Phil 27 Doppelt TA: Sharon Skare Second Paper (A) Beauchamp’s main argument for reverse discrimination is embedded in the belief that though it may seem to be prima facie immoral, those immoralities can be justified through absolute duty. Many other things must be taken into account before such immorality can be determined. These include issues of compensatory justice as well as the utility that is brought along with reverse discrimination (1. Beauchamp, CC2007 , p. 0022). Basically, Beauchamp is arguing that the negative effects of reverse discrimination can be negated by its positive aspects. Simplified even further, we can take his argument as the ends justify the means. The results are more important that the process in which they are gotten. Beauchamp is also of the belief that the policies of reverse discrimination are the only methods possible right now that would bring about radical change to discrimination. Since discrimination is embedded so deeply in our culture – such as in our everyday language – the only way to get change to happen is with reverse discrimination. Beauchamp believes that this is the only policy that would work, and all other policies are simply too weak to have any real effect (2. Beauchamp, CC2007, p. 0025). He attributes this to many reasons, one of them being how discrimination is less widespread and blatant (3. Beauchamp, CC2007, p. 2202). An example of this is the aforementioned discrimination embedded in our language. This makes it much more difficult to eradicate without reversing it.
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Parts of Rachels’ argument are similar to Beauchamp. However, his main point revolves around the idea of desert. Do blacks deserve to have preferential treatment? This question leads to the idea of whether reverse discrimination is justified in this regard (4. Rachels, CC2007, p. 0196). If a person was discriminated during his/her lifetime, there would be more obstacles for that particular person, thus they would deserve to be treated differently (in a preferential kind of way). Rachels argues that by giving blacks who faced such unfair obstacles in their life preferential treatment, their suffering is brought into account and the playing field is made level and even. It nullifies that advantage that a white person would receive due to the unfair obstacles that black person had to face (5. Rachels, CC2007, p. 0197).
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This essay was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course POLI SCI 27 taught by Professor Doppelt during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Second Paper 11-28-07 - Gordon Tong PS/Phil 27 Doppelt TA...

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