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Psychological reasons for stereotyping and prejudices.pdf -...

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Psychological reasons for stereotyping and prejudicesAbstractPrejudiceandStereotypingareapartofeveryperson’slife. This paper review uses,revolutionaryperspectives,stabilities,andfunctionsofstereotypesandprejudicewithpsychological reasons and ways to reduce prejudice. Prejudice and stereotypes affect our lives ina number of ways. It has been proved that stereotypes affect our decision making and lifestyle.Prejudice and stereotyping are often studied in terms of the associations that automaticallyinfluence judgment and behavior when relevant social categories are activated. People usestereotypes as a method for dealing with the world. Prejudice is motivated by emotion and isfurther defined as an evaluation of a public group centered on a misunderstanding that is alleged,even if evidence has verified the follower incorrect. The point isn’t about overcoming all of theseprejudices and stereotypes but about managing them.KeywordsPrejudice, stereotypes, associations, judgement and behavior, discrimination.1. IntroductionPrejudice and stereotypes have a prevalent and often bad effect on our replies to others, and alsoin some cases on our own behavior.Stereotypes affect our decision making and lifestyle, influencing our academic performance(Shapiro & Neuberg, 2007), our careers and jobs we choose to be associated with (Zhang, &1
Forbes, 2009) and the appreciation we receive for our efforts. (Jackson, 2011; Wood & Eagly,2010). For an example, social psychological research has concluded that a lot of times,stereotype threat is experienced by a number of people, in which a decrease in performance andeffectiveness of the individual is caused due to the belief in certain stereotypes.Spencer, Steele, and Quinn (1999) did a survey in which they found out that on remindingwomenofthestereotype that “women are poor at math,” their performance decreasedsignificantly in comparison to the test taken without reminding them of it.In the similar way Prejudices also affects the everyday lives of millions of people across theglobe. Prejudice held by individuals unnaturally forces on others who are targets of theirprejudice a false social status that strongly influences who they are, what they think, and even theactions they take. Prejudice shapes what the targets of prejudice think about the world and life ingeneral, about the people around them, and how they feel about themselves. Importantly,prejudice greatly influences what people expect from the future and how they feel about theirchances for self-improvement, referred to as their life chances. All of these considerationsgenerally result in the identity of an individual.2. Main ThemesPrejudice and stereotyping are often studied in terms of the associations that automaticallyinfluencejudgmentandbehaviorwhenrelevantsocialcategoriesareactivated.Biasedassociations have been shown to play a role in influencing people's behavior and are consideredto be one of the most important psychological determinants of prejudice and stereotyping. It hasbeen proved that cognitive schemas can result in stereotypes and contribute to prejudice.

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Term
Spring
Professor
D Dixit
Tags
Psychology, Sociology, Social Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

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