Archaic Greece

Archaic Greece - Archaic Greece I II Dark ages 1000-750 BC Archaic Age 750-550 BC A Characteristics B Poets and Pre-Socrates Minoan and Mycenaean

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Archaic Greece I. Dark ages, 1000-750 BC II. Archaic Age, 750-550 BC A. Characteristics B. Poets and Pre-Socrates Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations Wine and olive oil Dorians 1200-1000 BC Mycenaean Civilization 1200-1000 BC Dorians “Sea People” Archaic Greece Delphi Oracles Olympic games Phoenician alphabet The oracle at Delphi Olympics-held every four years; festivals in honor of Zeus; began in 776 BC; a series of competitions (not just athletics). Male only competitions; competitions were in the nude; used to mark the passage of time; sense of unity for religion and language. Similar event was held in honor of the goddess Hera, and women only participated. Strict gender segregation in Greek society. Poets of Archaic Greece Sappho o Female poet o Only one surviving poem
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o Poems were mostly about love o Possibly a leader in a school of poets o Lived on island of Lesbos (where we get the word lesbian from) o Wrote heterosexual and homosexual love o Sourcebook, page 51 Hesiod-male epic poet o Theogony o Most famous for stories about the coming of the gods and titans Homer o Iliad and the Odyssey o Arête- pride, excellence, male only virtue. Showing yourself courageous and manly. o Sourcebook, page 49 Pre-Socratics of Archaic Greece Thales of Miletus o Considered the first of the pre-Socratic thinkers o Considered water to be the most important element o “All is water” o Tried to understand the world in a different way Anaximander o Thales’ best student o Follower of Thales, then developed his own theories o Caused an invisible element o “All is Aperion—the infinite, the boundless” o Believed the earth was a cylinder, and fire surrounded the air and water o Tried to understand things in nature
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Pythagoras of Samos o A 2 +B 2 =C 2 (Pythagorean theorem) o Tried to understand the universe o “All is number” o Not a mathematician, but a numerologist
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Archaic Greece - Archaic Greece I II Dark ages 1000-750 BC Archaic Age 750-550 BC A Characteristics B Poets and Pre-Socrates Minoan and Mycenaean

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