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Department of EducationRegion VCAREGIVINGDivision of Camarines SurMODULE 9 Quarter 3 Week 3PILI NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLPili, Camarines SurVITAL SIGNS TAKINGWhat are vital signs?Vital signs are measurements of the body's most basic functions. The 4 main vital signs routinelychecked by healthcare providers include:Body temperaturePulse rateBreathing rate (respiration)Blood pressureVital signs help detect or monitor medical problems. They can be measured in a medical setting, athome, at the site of a medical emergency, or elsewhere.Taking the TEMPERATUREWhat is body temperature?The normal body temperature of a person varies depending on gender, recent activity, food and fluidconsumption, time of day, and, in women, the stage of the menstrual cycle. Normal body temperaturecan range from 97.8° F (36.5°C) to 99°F (37.2°C) for a healthy adult. A person's body temperature canbe taken in any of the following ways:Orally.Temperature can be taken by mouth using either the classic glass thermometer, or digitalthermometers that use an electronic probe to measure body temperature.Rectally.Temperatures taken rectally (using a glass or digital thermometer) tend to be 0.5°F to0.7°F higher than when taken by mouth. This is more common in babies because their body doesn'tregulate temperature the way an older child or adult's body does.Armpit (axillary).Temperatures can be taken under the arm using a glass or digitalthermometer. Temperatures taken by this route tend to be 0.3°F to 0.4°F lower than those temperaturestaken by mouth.By ear.A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the eardrum, whichreflects the body's core temperature (the temperature of the internal organs).By skin.A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the skin on theforehead.Internally. This method is common in people who are critically ill in an intensive care unit. Thetemperature can be measured by probes that are placed in the esophagus, heart, or bladder.
Body temperature may be abnormal due to fever (high temperature) or hypothermia (low temperature).A fever is indicated when body temperature rises about 1 degree or more over the normal temperatureof 98.6°F, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. Hypothermia is defined as a dropin body temperature below 95°F.How to take body temperature:1.Explain the procedure to the patient.2.Get the thermometer, disinfect from bulb to stem.3.Read the thermometer if in the level of 35ºC, if not shake the thermometer until itreaches to 35ºC.What is the pulse rate?The pulse rate is a measurement of the heart rate. This is the number of times the heart beats perminute. As the heart pushes blood through the arteries, the arteries expand and contract with the flow ofthe blood. Taking a pulse not only measures the heart rate, but also can indicate the following:Heart rhythmStrength of the pulseThe normal pulse for healthy adults ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. The pulse rate mayfluctuate and increase with exercise, illness, injury, and emotions. Females ages 12 and older, ingeneral, tend to have faster heart rates than do males. Athletes, such as runners, who do a lot ofcardiovascular conditioning, may have heart rates near 40 beats per minute with no problems.

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